“With his famous equation E = mc2, Albert Einstein proved that when you come right down to it everything in the universe is energy.” – Deepak Chopra
The current scientific “worldview” is that matter exists in four distinct states, with the most common states on Earth being: solid, liquid and gas. Beyond gas is a more exotic kind of electromagnetic substance called plasma, which is considered to be the most common state of matter in the physical Universe.
If Einstein’s theory of Relativity implies an interchangeble equivalence between matter and energy, then it might be consistent to view all states of matter as states of energy – like steam, water and ice are states of water. Why cannot we view energy as manifesting within a spectrum of higher to lower frequencies or vibrations? For example, that part of the spectrum which is visible to us might manifest as light, plasma, and matter. Matter could then be viewed as “solidified” or “frozen” energy – the densest state of energy. Matter as a state of energy with the lowest frequency or vibration, could be further sub-divided according to its vibrational frequency into gas, liquid and solid.
Such an expanded “frame of reference”, centred on “energy rather than “matter”, might help the scientific community to overcome their present disagreements over the theoretical credibility of Cold Fusion. I am not a scientist, but I would like to submit a famous quote by Alfred Korzybski, a scientist and philosopher, who said: “the map is not the territory”, meaning that an abstraction (a theory) derived from something is not the thing itself. Korzybski held that many people confuse “maps” with “territories”, i.e. confuse models of reality with reality itself.
Perhaps we need to question whether our physical sensory organs and the thinking of our physical brain can ever observe “reality”. Maybe the best we can do is to create evermore sophisticated models of reality that fit our present purpose, and correspond to the evolutionary stage of our unfolding scientific understanding.
Our present model of matter is based on the concept of molecules made up of atoms, which in turn are formed by subatomic particles, which at a smaller scale display dual properties of both matter and energy. Quantum physicists have observed that subatomic particles can appear out of “nowhere”, divide into several other particles and then disappear back into the nowhere or “quantum field” that they came from.
So it seems that matter is not that “solid”, but exists at the subatomic level as a “possibility” which displays the properties of both particles and energy – according to the frame of reference of the observer. And, the observer at this subatomic level cannot be “objective” nor independent of the phenomenon being observed.
In a previous post on Cold Fusion Now, we are informed about Ukrainian scientists who have discovered that biological organisms, such as various forms of bacteria, have the ability to initiate nuclear reactions with their environment, including radioactive materials like cesium, which they transmute to stable, non-radioactive elements.
So if matter is not a distinct entity in itself, but a “frozen” form of energy, and if matter is already being transmuted to other elements by bacteria, why is it so difficult to accept that Rossi may have discovered how to initiate some kind of reaction within his e-Cat, which transmutes nickel to copper, with the release of a surplus mass as heat energy? Is it the lack of a theory or the question about which comes first – the chicken or the egg? So in the case of the e-Cat, which comes first, the reality or the conceptual model of the reality? As Shakespeare might have said: “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy.”
Some additional resources:
- The Crisis That Hit Physics 100 Years Ago – an article by Adam Mann on Wired Science
- Pythagoras as Poet – a video presenting the linguistic origins of the ““the map is not the territory” trap.
- Everything Is Energy – a video presenting the relationship between matter and energy