Open Power Association Newsletter #17: Roy Virgilio honored; collaboration with Francesco Celani moving forward

The Open Power Association at Hydrobetatron.org has published Newsletter #17. Selected excerpts of interest to readers are google-translated and posted here.

Read the full and complete newsletter in the original Italian here.

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2015: if it were a good year?!

Dear Friends,
The reactor ITAbetatron is now ready to support the experiments planned. In the coming weeks we will enter the heart of the work, and we all wish you success in this endeavor!

In this case we will finally have a new source of energy: clean, inexhaustible and economic, that creates the conditions for the welfare and prosperity of the peoples of the Earth, and at the same time to combat global warming, and therefore dangerous climate change in place thus also saving the planet Earth.

All your help will be useful if not decisive. Therefore you renew your subscription to ‘Association Open Power or subscribe for the first time. This is the greatest gift you can give yourself! CLICK HERE and with your association, also receive a nice gift!

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THE REACTOR: WORK IN PROGRESS …
in the foreground a particular extension of the reactor ITAbetatron:

Itabetatron-in-assembly

Are you entrepreneur-minded? Then you may want to consider the possibility of investing in our promising research to find a new source of energy: clean, inexhaustible and economic.

Seize this opportunity now!

Send us an e-mail with your proposal to:
contatti@hydrobetatron.org

We will evaluate and if necessary, fix an appointment for you to learn more about our program, and what we can do to collaborate.

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The Directors of the Open Power Association resolved unanimously to appoint the Honorary Member in 2015: Roy Virgilio

Roy Virgilio, Honorary Member 2015 Open Power Association
Roy Virgilio, Honorary Member 2015 Open Power Association

Roy Virgilio, deals with conventional renewable energy, and more exotic for about 10 years.

In September 2002, he founded http://www.progettomeg.it, covering cold fusion experiments and other clean energy, with a focus on biofuels. In 2004 he also founded the Shared Forum on Renewable Energy Sources (http://www.energeticambiente.it) where the threads of all energy sources are collected.

In 2005 he organized the National Conference on Cold Fusion held in Pisa in April, and participated in the foundation of the NPO and Social Promotion “EnergoClub” for the conversion efficiency of the planet.

Since 2004 he has been a speaker at several conferences throughout the country, talking about Free Energy, Cold Fusion and Biofuels.

He also writes articles for magazines of science and environment including “AamTerranuova“. In 2007 he published his first book “Biofuels Yourself”, currently in its second edition.

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Hubble-montageSometimes we humans are hypocritical, selfish, evil and even violent.

Nevertheless: Our nature is Divine! Let us help you remember this by connecting to the beauty of the ‘Universe also watching the beautiful images taken by the space telescope: Hubble!

TO VIEW ALL GALLERIES: http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/entire/

*****

 

 

 

Francesco Celeni
Francesco Celeni
And ‘We are honored to be able to announce that Francesco Celani
(website: francescocelanienergy.org) officially collaborates with “Open Power”!

Francesco Celani, besides being always our friend and esteemed scientist, is an honorary member of “Open Power” from the foundation of the ‘Association itself. Thursday, December 11 (2014), Francesco Celani has visited our new laboratory in Rome where he met amicably with Ugo Abundo, our President and Scientific Director of the ‘Association “Open Power”, for a scientific debate on issues of common interest. On this occasion was made official the relationship of scientific collaboration that will elapse between us.

Interviewed by Luciano Saporito, he had words that fill us with pride about our commitment in the field of new energy.

Francesco Celani also claimed that “the laboratory Open Power is well structured, the enthusiasm of the researchers involved transpires, the search ranges in different directions that complement each other, carried out in specific work islands; the procedures are scientifically confirmable, and equipment built, well-engineered, integrated fields of investigation and promising, and proposals for innovative solutions and optimal desirable to make the maximum effort in running projects designed”.

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Celani-cell-of-discoveryA NEW DISCOVERY (June 25 2014) FRANCESCO CELANI!

It is an electrical phenomenon, apparently not due to known phenomena, due to the interaction of Hydrogen gas with long (100cm) fine wire (diameter 100 microns and 200-meter) Constantan (alloy Cu_55%, Ni_44%, Mn_1% with traces of Iron from 0 to 0.5%) having the surface covered by the same Constantan to reduced dimensionality (measured between 50 and 5000 nm with SEM) as methodology developed in LNF also with the help, at various levels of external colleagues. The whole is measured, at a macroscopic level, when such INDIVIDUALS wire, electrically isolated from each other with sheaths made of borosilicate glass, placed inside a reactor having also the hydrogen gas, have an internal temperature of> about 150 ° C and external next environment. In other words, it is as if you were in the presence of a new form / method (apart from the well-known Seebeck effect and / or Thompson) CONVERSION DIRECT from Heat to Electricity. E ‘truly challenging, from the point of view of scientific speculation, the role of Hydrogen understood as mono-atomic and / or even proton. Obviously we’re just starting. New recent (December 15, 15:00) results show that the ignition temperature is not 150 ° C but only (about) 55 ° C. ”

PRECIOUS were some suggestions on the issue of “abnormal current” provided to Francesco Celani also by some researchers and collaborators Open Power.

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Published on: francescocelanienergy.org
An interview by Maurizio Melis with Francesco Celani aired on Thursday, December 25, 2014 on Radio 24 under the heading: “Smart city, voices and places of’ innovation ‘directed by Maurizio Melis.
TO LISTEN TO THE ‘INTERVIEW: CLICK HERE

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movie-clipPublished in: hydrobetatron.org
a new video in which Ugo Abundo illustrates some details of the ItaBetatron reactor. TO SEE THE FULL MOVIE: CLICK HERE

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Alexander Parkhomov has confirmed the Hot Cat experiment.
Alexander Parkhomov has confirmed the Hot Cat experiment.
Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov
Would successfully replicate the E-Cat Andre Rossi.
The reactor prepared for the ‘experiment

Fig. 2 Reactor prepared for experiment.
Fig. 2 Reactor prepared for experiment.

Fig. 4. The reactor in operating time. The covers from a thermal insulation and vessel with the reactor are removed
Fig. 4. The reactor in operating time. The covers from a thermal insulation and vessel with the reactor are removed
The reactor operates during the ‘experiment.
Read more HERE

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TALKING ABOUT US …
https://coldfusionnow.org/francesco-celani-continues-live-open-science-with-open-power-association/

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GOOD READING!
Published in the articles section of hydrobetatron.org, the new article:
“Science, brain and spirituality” by Luciano Saporito
TO READ THE ‘ARTICLE IN PDF CLICK HERE

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BOOK: “PILLS OF WISDOM” PILL 013
“A ‘picture sometimes speaks a thousand words”:
Sri Krishna

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For the full Open Power Association Newsletter #17, please go to the Archive here: http://www.hydrobetatron.org/archivio-newsletters.html

Francesco Celani continues Live Open Science with Open Power Association

The following is a google-translated and slightly modified Press Release from Open Power Association at hydrobetatron.org. The original in Italian is here.

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We are honored to be able to announce that Prof. Francesco Celani officially will collaborate with Open Power!

10-Francesco-Celani-IMG_0729Francesco Celani, besides being always our friend as well as an esteemed scientist, is an honorary member of “Open Power” from the foundation of the Association itself.

On Thursday, December 11, 2014, Francesco Celani visited our new laboratory in Rome where he met with Ugo Abundo, our President and Scientific Director of the Open Power Association, for a scientific debate on issues of common interest. On this occasion, the relationship of scientific collaboration that will occur between us and Francesco Celani was made official.

Interviewed by Luciano Saporito, his words filled us with pride about our commitment in the field of new energy. Francesco Celani claimed that “the Open Power laboratory is well structured and the enthusiasm of the researchers involved is strong. The research ranges in different, complementary directions, is carried out in specific work islands; procedures are scientifically confirmable, and the equipment well-built and well-engineered; the fields of investigation are integrated and promising, and the proposed solutions innovative and desirable to make optimal maximum effort in running the designed projects.”

Francesco Celani also explained, in some detail, to Ugo Abundo the NEW discovery (June 25 2014) an electrical phenomenon, apparently not due to known phenomena, due to the interaction of Hydrogen gas with long (100cm ) fine wire (diameter 100 microns and 200-meter) of Constantan (alloy Cu_55%, Ni_44%, Mn_1% with traces of iron from 0 to 0.5%) having the surface covered by the same Constantan with reduced dimensionality (measured between 50 and 5000 nm with SEM) as a methodology developed by the LNF even with help, at various levels of external colleagues.


The whole is measured, at a macroscopic level, when such INDIVIDUAL wires, electrically isolated from each other, with sheaths made of borosilicate glass, placed inside a reactor also having the hydrogen gas, have an internal temperature of about 150° C and external next environment.

In other words, it is as if you were in the presence of a new form / method (apart from the well-known Seebeck effect and / or Thompson) DIRECT CONVERSION from Heat to Electricity. From the point of view of scientific speculation, the role of Hydrogen understood as mono-atomic and / or even proton is a truly challenging idea. Obviously we’re just starting, though recent (December 15, 15:00) results show that the ignition temperature is not 150° C but only (about) 55° C. Some suggestions on the issue of “abnormal current” were provided to Francesco Celani also by some researchers, collaborators Open Power.

Francesco Celani is Senior Researcher of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Frascati (INFN), and Vice President of the International Society of Nuclear Science and Condensed Matter (ISCMNS). Francesco Celani came to the study of “Cold Fusion”, now called LENR, out of “suspicion”, as he himself tells us. Indeed, he has always operated by the “methodological skepticism” of Descartes, always inspired by the desire for “truth”. As Franklin Eugene Mallove denounced the falsifying of data in a report on “Cold Fusion” experiments by the MIT (due to the interests of the establishment and related to funds for research on nuclear fission which they already enjoyed), Francesco Celani has courageously instigated the diffusion of two internal documents he himself accidentally discovered on two NASA research efforts on “Cold Fusion”, (that of Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons), which validated results from years ago.

Francesco Celani in his decades-long work as an Experimental Physicist, was always animated by a spirit truly Scientific, (also a worthy interpreter of the tradition of the experimental method of Galileo Galilei). He is also a proponent of a vision given to the needs of humanity in general, and to the Italian people in particular, that is, as far as possible, having real evidence in the daily life of the” Citizens Whatever, and now open source, the science itself.

His previous participation in the methodology of Live Open Science (LOS), founded by the working group “Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project” in 2012, continues, and is further strengthened. Both collaborations, with MFMP and Open Power, share the same goals in the same fields of human knowledge: one at International level and the other National.

francescocelanienergy.org
hydrobetatron.org
contatti@hydrobetatron.org

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Related Links

Live Open Science Methodology .[pdf] presented by Francesco Celani (in Italian)

Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project

“Towards the extraction of ‘live’ electricity”: Report from Open Power Association

From Open Power Association Report OO6 by Ugo Abundo and Luciano Saporito, these excerpts are google translated from the original Italian:

Best wishes for the new year 2014 from the staff of hydrobetatron.org/Open Power!
May you be peaceful and happy, and make the most of your projects in the spirit of “open” and sharing, possibilente

Dear friends,
In this latest report, compiled by Ugo Abundo, is communicated in an articulated manner the state of the art of the important work of our team.

In particular, it is shown that, as far as we are concerned, our attention is paid to all those theories, working hypotheses, and experimental ideas, even different, that through a clever synthesis can contribute to achieve the results that we hope for, namely: the discovery of a new energy, economic, inexhaustible and clean, for the welfare of ‘humanity and the survival of Planet Earth!

In particular, our ​​research is oriented to the extraction and production of electricity (electric power) directly from LENR (from Plasma, the Zero Point Energy, etc.), with Overunity.

I do not hide the enormous difficulties faced by our work carried out only on voluntary basis, and in almost no financial aid from the institutions, and so on. While the waste of public money, and the depredations of all kinds, especially in our country, they are all on the agenda.

LoS-for-PeaceRecall that the logo refers to the meritorious and innovative activity and REVOLUTIONARY scientific methodology that is known as the “Live Open Science”, introduced in October 2012 by a group of researchers of the International Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project (MFMP) .

Their website, exclusively for the exchange of scientific information, has so far been visited by more than a million Internet users.

The metolologia of Live Open Science was also recently nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014! More information is HERE.

Los-for-Peace-LargeOur Logo!

Maybe some good soul wants to nominate even modest We Rircercatori of hydrobetatron.org Open Power for the Nobel Prize for Peace? Certainly this would help a lot also working on our new energy!

Francesco Celani
has published “Improved understanding of self-sustained, sub-micrometric multicomposition surface Constantan wires interacting with H2 at high temperatures: experimental evidence of Anomalous Heat Effects”. For .pdf, click HERE

See our collection of articles, including “HOW MUCH ET INERTIA” by Stephen QUATTRINI and “Quantum Space Theory” (QST) and “THE ATTEMPT TO FLY HIGH NO MORE long overdue” by Ugo ABUNDO and Francis SANTANDREA, by clicking the “WALL” to address: http://www.hydrobetatron.org/articoli.html

“We are humble, but we develop our talents, without false modesty, always remembering that: to understand a poem must be Poets”
Luciano Saporito Open Power Association

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A Bridge on Knowledge – 2: Towards the extraction of ” live” electricity
by Ugo Abundo of LENR Open Power Association

Original Italian: Report-006

Google translated: The long period of silence after our meeting of Coherence 2013 Conference on 15 October has seen us working on three major parallel fronts:

  • the experimental set of cathodes that now allow “direct” energy balances in the reactor to be measured, the Calorimetric response times compatible with the demand for scientific precision, and the development of a special protocol of optimal loading of the cathodes, in tune with the functional constraints introduced by operations with the apparatus (pilot program).
  • a powerful work coordinating the responsibilities that belong to the Association: to outline a route to a leap in quality of energy yields theorized about, and the study of solutions for the direct extraction of electrical energy from LENR any apparatus, to which the experimenters demonstrate performance in Overunity, if adaptable to the conceptual core set forth below (theoretical program).
  • a separate design of experiments for new generation reactors that aim to build on theoretical indications and to come to integrate with the phenomenon of which must be an expression (pilot program).

The title deliberately recalls a paradigm exposed long ago to duet with Francis Santandrea on 22Passi, according to which the very different interpretations of this experimental research area can traced back to a common central core whose identification and investigation not only promise to improve the understanding of said specific interpretations, but give rise to a design “synergistic” that is enriched with all aspects and should especially avoid the risk of phenomena antagonists.

In this ambitious goal are collaborating, directly or with their previous work, Francesco Celani, Antonella De Ninny, Fabio Cardone, Santandrea by Francesco Domenico Cirillo, Luciano Saporito, Paola Pieravanti, Michele Di Lecce with Alessandro Burgognoni, in Ugo Abundo and many other precious companions on this journey.

For the first point, it refers to a subsequent communication, to be issued at the completion of the experimental campaign in progress.

As for the second and third front, we have the pleasure to present the following preview for readers!

Conceptual core
We recall the same name as in the previous post we http://22passi.blogspot.it/2012/09/il-ponte-della-conoscenza-post-di-ugo.html [translate]including different types of experiments integrating mainly in the context of a metal matrix condensed capable of accepting hydrogen in the presence of a driving force for loading (pressure, voltage , etc.) and subjected to stresses (plasma, laser, ultrasound , etc. .), also using additives that catalyze one or more steps of the reactions.

He spoke to outline the equipment as triodes generalized (if any third electrode for adjustment) proposing to introduce, if they are not already ‘ constructively present, a cathode (metal matrix), an anode, an interelectrode voltage, a voltage intracatodica, half conductor (electrolyte or ionized gas, eg. hydrogen).

To give a concrete example of adaptation to the paradigm suggested, in a nanostructured (or cathode monolithic, metal layers, powder or composite) reactor cathode wire, it is possible to introduce an anode facing from which starts a voltage relative to the cathode while fed to its heads under less tension, the loading is no longer created by the gas pressure but by the inter-electrode voltage across the void of ionized hydrogen (or the voltage of the electrolytic cell), an RC circuit would extract electrical energy, by means of the download autopulsante in scheme resistance negative (see below), from the source of excess claimed abnormal, be it of Zero Point or LENR (even, possibly, as reported in some papers, from the thermal energy content of the external environment).

Theories
In the literature, a very diverse aspects and implications of the different approaches have been addressed, both in experimental and theoretical.

At the moment, our commitment is not intended to discriminate the validity of competing theories. On the contrary, we consider all the interesting working hypotheses that are internally consistent, to help in the search of the interrelationships between parameters governing the phenomena.

Solicitations
The strain appears to be more effective as a preventive measure, the electric force that directly participates in the charged particles (protons or electrons) within the appropriate paths by making them “buy” the necessary energy and local concentrations under the action of the electric field.

It is, as repeatedly stressed during our presentations, to act both on the field of loading (or deloading, more promising because it does not directly limited by processes in the effect of saturation) and on the migration of the charges through the latex.

The stress then is the administration of periodic pulses of high peak, extremely steep, and very high load-bearing, powers for durations so low as to cause only small energy input to the system.

The techniques implemented using the latest state of the art equipment in the field of production and impulse control, and of K. Shoulders EV (Strong electron), show bundles consisting of an incredibly high number of energetic electrons.

Structures
The adoption of nanostructures is presented as a must for the emergence of behaviors that have been predicted theoretically by several authors (B. Ahern, etc.) relating to far-from-equilibrium conditions and the consequent possibility of localization of energy above threshold levels for the activation of nuclear reactions.

It must not necessarily consist of nano powders, but preferably micro-structure surface nano-powders, in combination with ceramic powders to avoid sintering.

Of fundamental importance is also the presence of alkali or alkaline-earth elements as electron donors.

Systems with two/three active components may raise the synergistic effect. For example, combining metals with significant difference between the Fermi levels, or using piezoelectric or pyro powders, which enhance the effects of the localizations of temperature or of electrical impulses.

Important as well is the experimentation on the stresses in metal colloids. We therefore realized electrodes of metalloceramici to nanoscale structure, and a more easily handled powder.

Reactors
Were designed (and is currently under construction), three different reactors, based on cathodes in electrolytic mixture of powders:

  • a radial configuration, serial and serial Shoulders;
  • two pulse – integrated reactors (which perform both the function of on-site production of the discharge, that the use of ) high voltage, one electrolyte, the other for operation in vacuum;
  • a vacuum tube for replication and enhancement of the experiments of P. Correa, using nano-structured cathodes also metalloceramici.

Extraction of electricity
And ‘ all clear how simple heat production (medium or high temperature) is in itself already a high goal, if achieved by processes that do not require non-renewable fuel, do not produce CO2, do not pollute, and the next step, the transformation of thermal energy into electricity, in addition to requiring high temperatures and a cycle of transformation with machines in motion, always presents low yields.

Thus the need for a direct production of electric energy from processes with unclaimed Overunity is much felt by justify a significant research effort.

The experiments for the extraction of current of P. Correa with Glow Discharges in vacuum tubes, those of A. Chernetsky with Spark Gaps of J.L. Naudin and our plasma electrolytic, have in common at least a fundamental point: the existence of a part of the diagram IV with negative slope, the so-called negative resistance zone, in which a voltage increase corresponds to a decrease of current.

Chart-1

According to the theories, processes are assumed periodic spontaneous reorganization of the plasma, negative entropy, the so-called negentropy.

From the sustained spontaneous oscillations that arise exerting the plasma in these conditions, it is possible to extract energy directly as electricity through an RC circuit consistently sized to agree with the frequencies of pulsation of the plasma.

For example, here is a picture from the site of J. L. Naudin:
http://jlnlabs.online.fr/cfr/ape/apenrg.htm

From the labs of J. L. Naudin
From the labs of J. L. Naudin

In accordance with what is stated, we are determining the values ​​of the optimum parameters for our configurations and for the corresponding operating ranges.

Conclusions
Whether it’s energy or Zero Point of anomalous excess energy, the complex plasma – circuit can extract the energy available and ennobles the form electricity.

It remains to be seen whether, and how much, electricity has pulled from Overunity, but it is certainly a crucial first step towards the efficient production of electricity, a method which deserves to be given an adequate trial.

In addition, the direct provision of electricity brings us closer to the day when we will have self-reliance of equipment, allowing machines to generate enough power to power themselves. —Ugo Abundo Open Power Association

Help support our research and experimentation on LENR

We remind you that you can join the Association “Open Power” by connecting with us at hydrobetatron.org HERE

Or, make a simple donation HERE

January 2014! New year, new outlook!

Related Links

Q&A with Ugo Abundo on newly forming Open Power Association

See Leopoldo Pirelli Instruction Institute student reactors featured in the 2014 History of Cold Fusion Calendar courtesy Ugo Abundo.

Calendar-photo

Pre-loaded hydrogen fuel an engineering answer for efficiency, ease and safety

Multiple independent labs are racing to produce a commercial product based on the Fleischmann-Pons Heat Effect (FPHE), most working quietly in their labs. But since the public demonstration of Andrea Rossi‘s E-Cat in January 2011, we’ve witnessed on the global theater the grueling process of actualizing a revolutionary technology.

Early prototype E-Cat had external hydrogen tank for fuel.
Early prototype E-Cat had external hydrogen tank for fuel.
It has been amazing to watch. A thermal generator based on nickel-hydrogen exothermic reactions, E-Cat design changes have been guided by efforts to make an efficient, easy-to-use, and safe commercial product.

The earliest prototypes were fueled by hydrogen gas from a canister connected to the unit. For obvious reasons, the danger of hydrogen tanks in a domestic environment present a problem, and having the fuel pre-loaded inside the new E-Cat HT removes a huge liability.

But a pre-loaded fuel cartridge also makes a compact device easy to use.

Previous announcements have set the life for a single charge at six months, after which time the contents can be recycled and a new one installed. As this first generation of new-energy technology filters out to the public, we can expect much longer life-cycles in the future.

How is this fuel pre-loaded into the less-than-a-gram nickel-powder mixture? The answer is proprietary at the moment. But what is possible?

Perhaps a material that absorbs hydrogen and then releases it slowly is used. Metallic-hydrides can do exactly that. Could there be amongst the nickel-powder another transition metal that serves this function?

While we wait to see what’s next for the E-Cat, there are others in the field that have discovered the pre-loaded reactor benefits, each having different designs.

Pre-loaded solid wire works to make heat

Scanning Electron Microscope image of treated Celani wire by MFMP.
SEM image of treated Celani wire by MFMP.
Francesco Celani used a pre-loaded wire for his live demonstrations last year at ICCF-17 and NIWeek 2012. A very different design than Rossi’s, this solid-cathode type cell is being reproduced by the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project as an open-source enterprise with step-by-step activity documented and available online.

The group showed the results of loading hydrogen in their wire and how it affected resistivity and temperature. Stunning scanning electron microscope (SEM) images reveal close-up views of the metal and its bumpy surface.

Separating loading from activation for Pd-D systems solved by pre-loading

Pre-loading of hydrogen has also benefited palladium-deuterium (Pd-D) systems, helping to hasten initiation of the reaction, which can sometimes take weeks or even months to begin. Waiting so long for a reaction to occur makes data acquisition burdensome, and discoveries difficult.

Ideally, multiple cells would run at the same time, allowing several variables to be monitored and determined simultaneously. At one point, Drs. Fleischmann and Pons were running up to 32 cells, an expensive and still time-dependent undertaking.

SRI International experimented with pre-loading of hydrogen in fine wires as described in Calorimetric Studies of the Destructive Stimulation of Palladium and Nickel Fine Wires [.pdf]. From the paper, a description of how they did it:

SRI electrolytic cell with pre-loaded cathode.
SRI electrolytic cell with pre-loaded cathode.
1. Loading. When Pd wires were used as a substrate or as test objects these were pre-loaded electrolytically with either H or D in low molarity SrSO4 electrolytes (50μM) using procedures developed previously at SRI [8] and elsewhere [9].

2. Sealing. The atomic loading of H or D can be sealed inside the Pd lattice for extended periods (several hours or days) with the addition of very small concentrations of Hg2SO4 to the SrSO4 electrolyte and continued cathodic electrolysis [8,9]. The deposited Hg at monolayer coverage is a highly effective poison for hydrogen atom recombination, effectively preventing= desorption by inhibiting molecule formation.

The outcome?

The results show clearly that excess energy is generated both from Pd and Ni wires loaded either with deuterium or natural hydrogen5. However, data from Pd/D codeposited onto highly loaded Pd wires (solid triangles) sit on top of the plot, indicating that this category of wires generates the most excess heat. Interestingly, the Ni codeposited system also yields significant amounts of excess heat.

Pre-loaded NANOR devices can be electrically driven

Separating the long loading times from the activation of the reaction was achieved by Dr. Mitchell Swartz of JET Energy, Inc. with his nano-composite ZrO2-PdNi-D cell that is pre-loaded with hydrogen fuel creating a “reproducible active nanostructured cold fusion/lattice-assisted nuclear reaction (CF/LANR) quantum electronic device.”

In the paper Energy Gain From Preloaded ZrO2-PdNi-D Nanostructured CF/LANR Quantum Electronic Components [.pdf] by Mitchell Swartz, Gayle Verner, and Jeffrey Tolleson, the authors write:

The importance is they enable LANR devices and their integrated systems to now be fabricated, transported, and then activated. They are the future of clean, efficient energy production.

A sixth-generation NANOR was publicly demonstrated in the office of Dr. Peter Hagelstein on the campus of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) during the 2012 IAP Cold Fusion 101 course, operating from January 30 to mid-May. Swartz also described the technology in the 2013 IAP short course captured on video by Jeremy Rys.

Designed to run at low-power due to safety considerations for a multi-month demonstration on a public campus, “over several weeks, the CF/LANR quantum device demonstrated more reproducible, controllable, energy gain which ranged generally from 5 to 16 [14.1 while the course was ongoing].”

With the core smaller than 2 centimeters containing less than a gram of active material, this device produced LANR excess power density “more than 19,500 watts/kilogram of nanostructured material.”

From the paper, Swartz describes the “proprietary self-contained CF/LANR quantum electronic component, called a two terminal NANOR™-type of LANR device”:

The NANOR represents the pre-loaded core of the reactor.
The NANOR represents the pre-loaded core of the reactor.
At LANR’s nanostructured material “core” is an isotope of hydrogen, usually deuterons, which are tightly packed (“highly loaded”) into the binary metals, alloys, or in this case, nanostructured compounds, containing palladium or nickel, loaded by an applied electric field or elevated gas pressure which supply deuterons from heavy water or gaseous deuterium.

Loaded are isotopes of hydrogen -protons, protium, deuterons, deuterium, and hydrogenated organic compounds, deuterated organic compounds, D2, H2, deuterides and hydrides. Precisely for these NANOR-type LANR devices, the fuel for the nanostructured material in the core, is deuterium.

The preloaded nanostructured material is placed into the hermetically sealed enclosure which is specially designed to withstand pressure, minimize contamination, enable lock on of wires connecting to it. The enclosure is tightly fit with the electrodes.

Described in the paper, the production of the preloaded core material involves “preparation, production, proprietary pretreatment, loading, post-loading treatment, activation, and then adding the final structural elements, including holder and electrodes.”

Fig. 2 – Series II and III two terminal NANOR™-type devices containing active ZrO2-PdNiD nanostructured material at their core.
Fig. 2 – Series II and III two terminal NANOR™-type devices containing active ZrO2-PdNiD nanostructured material at their core.

Very pure materials are also required. “Contamination remains a major problem, with excess heat potentially devastatingly quenched,” the paper states.

The ratios of the NANOR’s composite elements are “in the range of Zr (~60-70%), Ni (0-30%), and Pd (0-30%) by weight, with the weights being before the oxidation step, and several later additional preparation steps. The additional D2 and H2 yield loadings (ratio to Pd) of up to more than 130% D/Pd.”

After several bakes, eventually an oxidized zirconia “surrounds, encapsulates, and separates the NiPd alloy into 7-10 nm sized ferromagnetic nanostructured islands located and dispersed within the electrically insulating zirconia dielectric.”

Each nanostructured island acts as a short circuit element during electrical discharge. These allow deuterons to form a hyperdense state in each island, where the deuterons are able to be sufficiently close together.”

The latest Series VI NANORs have had energy gains beyond 30.

More than basic science, it’s an engineering development

Pre-loaded core reactors have “a decreased size, decreased response time, improved and dual diagnostics, and increased total output energy density.”

They are compact, portable and durable. Suitable for small power needs, they can respond on-demand with scalable power.

It’s a ragged course to a next-generation clean energy technology. Even as the science is still uncertain, the new pre-loaded hydrogen reactors are an engineering development that brings us closer to that goal.

A Fork in the Road to Replication

When you come to a fork in the road, take it! Yogi Berra

Being able to replicate a scientific discovery is one of the mainstays of the scientific method. Difficulty in replicating the Fleischmann and Pons experiment in 1989 has given rise to the widely held myth that cold fusion in fact has never been replicated. Of course this is not true. The number of documented replications runs in the thousands.  Yet, even a number in the 1000s is small in the grand scheme of things. The reasons for this are myriad, including the lack of a clear theoretical understanding of the phenomenon, poor funding, the complicated nature of the calorimetry setup, etc. Aside from those things, there is often the desire to keep important parts of replication process out of the public domain because of lack of patent protection. Because cold fusion has been forced to fly commercial because of a lack of access to funding and support through traditional scientific channels, the technology is being developed under a different model than most scientific discoveries of this significance. Cold fusion is now being developed like a business, including reluctance to share information to potential competitors and closely guarded trade secrets and, concomitantly, absolutely no obligation to the public at large to share findings or methods.

However, things have begun to change in this regard with the emergence of Francesco Celani’s cold fusion wires, and the continuing development of the Athanor/Hydrobetatron of Ugo Abundo and his students and colleagues at the Pirelli High School in Rome.  Although these cells may never prove to be commercially viable, both may provide a replication pathway that serves to provide answers as to how and why, and subsequently disseminate that knowledge widely. When this happens, widespread replication can truly begin.

The recent 8-page article in Popular Science may serve to plant the seed of interest in the general public.  While the article did not endorse the technology per se, it did lend it a sense of credibility that has been sorely lacking for 2 decades.  Popular Science has been a publication read by the educated layman since its inception in 1873.  The importance of establishing some degree of credibility with that demographic cannot be understated.  It was this demographic that brought us the personal computer.  It was after reading an article in a similar publication, Popular Electronics, in 1975 about the Altair 8800, that set Bill Gates out to start a company that would eventually become Microsoft. In addition, the co-founders of both Microsoft and Apple (Gates/Allen & Job/Wozniak) were members of Homebrew Computer Clubs, which were bands of computer hobbyists and enthusiasts who met regularly to exchange information, parts and ideas. In essence, Homebrew Clubs were an early form of crowdsourcing, wherein small groups of technically savvy people worked independently, but in a collaborative fashion, to solve problems and overcome technical difficulties as related to early manifestations of the PC.

Altair 8800

With the recent release of the “The Believers” and several balanced articles in mainstream magazines including Popular Science (Scientific American notwithstanding), the seeds of credible interest are being sewn to a wider audience. As more people become aware that there is something to cold fusion, interest will surely grow and the desire to replicate will surely follow. We saw a wave of replication efforts of the e-Cat last year as word of Rossi spread across the web.  However, these efforts were mostly shots in the dark because Rossi provided so few details. The next wave of replication attempts will be among people with much more information, as both Abundo and Celani have made a concerted effort to provide a great deal of detail with the precise goal of enabling widespread replication.

The Martin Fleishmann Memorial Project is currently sponsoring three groups attempting to replicate the Celani cell. The slide show below outlines the rationale and plan for sponsoring replications.

 

The three groups enlisted in this replication effort so far are working separately but will be collaborating, sharing information and discussing technical issues. These are the seeds of cold fusion crowdsourcing.  In the video below, a member of the EU replication team receives a shipment prepared by another team, the Hunt Utilities Group.  The shipment includes all the necessary equipment to set up a replication, including the cell itself and a PC with custom software to monitor experimental results. Per the video description:

“This is a trial run for when we are ready to ship second generation reactors around the globe in the event of successful internal Celani replications”.

As you watch Matthew of the EU team unbox the cold fusion kit from HUG, he looks like a youngster at Christmas opening up one of his presents.  Now imagine, if you will, hundreds, perhaps thousands, of others being able to purchase a similar setup for their own replication attempts.  Per quantumheat.org:

We will be setting up a Crowd-sourcing initiative soon.  It will be listed right here and elsewhere when we do.  The idea of a global, grass roots effort overcoming the institutional biases and bringing this to the attention of mainstream science and industry is so cool.  Of course, a visionary philanthropist who recognizes the potential of this and funds the whole historic initiative also makes a good story.”

One of the groups involved in this replication attempt is, as mentioned, the Hunt Utilities Group of Pine River, MN. This group is dedicated to fostering sustainable living, and has been involved in different alternative energy technologies for at least a decade. On the HUG site there is a section that describes how the group became interested in LENR.  Members of this group became aware of Rossi in January of 2011 and have been following the developments regarding the e-Cat ever since.  Eventually, it became obvious that something very real and significant was happening and members of HUG decided to transition from watching on the sidelines to active participation.

“So, we started studying, built a safety lab to handle hydrogen and nano-powder safely, built a clean room (relative to the rest of the shop) and started gathering and building test equipment.  The fun part is that the learning curve is so steep, we need mountain climbing gear. Our shop staff quickly evolved from a loose bunch of individuals into a focused team. We feel lucky. We also feel a sense of destiny that we happen to have the right team with the right tools at the right time.

Furthermore, the Hunt Utilities Group embraces the collaborative, crowdsourcing model:

HUG envisions a unique approach to collaboration in the LENR field that would ideally catalyze progress for the encumbered information sharing process. With open information sharing via crowdsourced blogging, ideas can be traded quickly without delay. Live data could be posted for review, criticisms, interpretation, and suggestions from peers and collaborators. At the expense of immediate intellectual property rights, the accelerating benefits could prove an invaluable asset leading to certified patents.”   Source.

To help those attempting to replicate Celani, Earthtech.org of Austin, TX (home of NI), has set up a cold fusion device verification service.  Per a recent comment on E-Cat World, the service works thusly:

“Harold Puthoff, the CEO, would pass the making of the Celani device to Scott Little, for lab replication and testing, if asked, and have the costs absorbed by the Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin.

Any cold fusion device that passes their testing would be immediately recognized world-wide as “officially” verified.”

In addition to the replication of Celani, replication attempts of the Athanor/Hydrobetatron cell of Ugo Abundo of the Pirelli High School in Rome have spread to North America. There is now a replication attempt of that cell being undertaken at the Gladstone Secondary School, in Vancouver, British Columbia.  This is of course the same city where Defkalion Green Technologies is making its new home.

In a comment posted a couple of weeks ago on the Defkalion Forum, a user with the screen name “HappyRocker,” announced the school’s involvement in an Athanor replication attempt.  A member of the faculty of that school posted a comment on the DGT Forum and requested a visit to the new Defkalion offices in Vancouver. Short of that, this commenter requested a visit by a Defkalion representative to the school to explain the basics and/or lend a hand with the calorimetry setup of their replication attempt. It should be noted, aside from any support from Defkalion with issues regarding calorimetry, the Vancouver school has enlisted the services of an expert in calorimetry from Vancouver’s Simon Fraser University to assist them with this important aspect of the experiment.

Since the original posting, more details have emerged about this work. The school has named their project the EC2, or EC squared (short for electro-chemistry electron capture). They have setup a project blog for students involved with the work, which can be viewed here. In the future they also plan to set up a fundraising effort through Kickerstarter.com, and they hope to sell coffee mugs, T-shirts and quite possibly even replication kits. Preliminary testing in regards to the EC2 project is to begin very shortly.

Gladstone Secondary School – Vancouver, BC

I think the promise of widespread, crowdsourced replications of some cold fusion cell were summarized recently by Jed Rothwell on Vortex-l.  His comments were primarily in regards to the Celani cell but the same could be said of the Athanor, or any other potential cold fusion replication kit meant for a more general audience.

We can hope that the Celani device, replicated by 5 or 10 labs, will convince hundreds more researchers than we now have.

Many of them will replicate, triggering thousands more.  Once you get up to a million people who believe it, money starts pouring in, and thousands get to work frantically developing the technology.

At that point it does not matter how many people still do not believe the technology is real.