Cold Fusion – NASA – LENR Part II Flight
The vision of Earth provided by NASA lunar missions is a powerful image; possibly the most potent archetypal image of our times. This image brings to mind the beauty of the biosphere, our world and life-as-we-know-it, surprisingly small against the vast starlit darkness of space.
NASA sees LENR energetics in concert with advanced computer and flight technologies as, “The key to supersonic transports and neighbor-friendly personal fly/drive air vehicles.” (NASA)
This technology could replace much earth bound transport; roads and their inherent environmental damage would become obsolete.
NASA realizes the fragility of our biosphere and seeks to limit atmospheric damage from aeronautics and transportation in amazing ways:
- Turbo-electric Distributed Propulsion (NASA pdf)
- The SUGAR Program (SUGAR – Subsonic Ultra Green Aeronautics Research) was initiated in 2008 as a challenge to four that received contracts, Boeing, GE Aviation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Northrop Grumman. The goal is a deep reduction in harmful emissions from airplanes and to decrease their noisome irritation. “Hybrid electric engine technology is a clear winner because it can potentially improve performance relative to all of the NASA goals.” (Boeing)
- The SUGAR Volt design utilizes electric turbo fans; which are candidates for LENR electrical power. SUGAR VOLT http://www.boeing.com/stories/
- NASA Green Flight Challenge - “NASA has awarded the largest prize in aviation history, created to inspire the development of more fuel-efficient aircraft and spark the start of a new electric airplane industry. The technologies demonstrated by the CAFE Green Flight Challenge, sponsored by Google, competitors may end up in general aviation aircraft, spawning new jobs and new industries for the 21st century.” (NASA) Green Flight Challenge Sponsored by Google – (Final Results 2011)
- “Faster and Greener– Pocket Airports” (NASA GFC pdf)
- Here Comes the Electric Plane http://www.youtube.com/watch?
- Txchnologist The Future of Transportation – “Mapping Out the Future of Flight” (GE)
ON A FALLEN TREE ACROSS THE ROAD (To hear us talk) by Robert Frost
The tree a tempest with a crash of wood
Throws down in front of us is not to bar
Our passage to our journey’s end for good,
But just to ask us who we think we are,
Insisting always on our own way so.
She likes to halt us in our runner tracks,
And make us get down in a foot of snow
Debating what to do with an ax.
And yet who knows obstruction is in vain:
We will not be put off the final goal
We have hidden in us to attain,
Not though we have to seize earth by the pole
And, tired of aimless circling in one place,
Steer straight off after something into space.
Over 4,000 (Wiki) recorded space launches and an unknown number of missile launches have burned hundreds of millions of tons of the following propellants, oxidants, and rocket elements.
Ammonium-perchlorate, kerosene, ammonium-nitrate, hydroxyl-terminated-
Who knows how these recombine after combustion, with each other and with atmospheric elements?
The engines powering the Space Shuttle’s initial liftoff boosters may have been the most polluting engines ever operated by mankind. For each kilogram of payload, the shuttle’s main boosters burn 30 kilograms of fuels and oxidizers.
During 135 missions 122,472,000 kilograms (135,002 tons) of this highly toxic fuel was burned in the solid fuel boosters of the Space Shuttles.
Approximate Amount Burned (tons)
- 94,365 Ammonium Percholate
- 5,600 Powdered Aluminum
- 9,450 Iron Oxidizer Powder
- 16,204 Polybutadiene Acrylic Acid Acrylonitrile
- 2,646 Epoxy-curing Agent
21st Century Timeline of U.S. Rocket Fuel Pollution Scandal (read)
Perchlorate is a powerful oxidant that has been detected in public drinking water supplies of over 11 million people at concentrations of at least 4 parts per billion (ppb). High doses of perchlorate can decrease thyroid hormone production by inhibiting the uptake of iodide by the thyroid. Thyroid hormones are critical for normal growth and development of the central nervous system of fetuses and infants.
A Summary of NASA and USAF Hypergolic Propellant Related Spills and Fires (pdf)
The fuel is monomethyl hydrazine (MMH) and the oxidizer is nitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) which is similar to ammonia. Both fluids are highly toxic, and are handled under the most stringent safety conditions. Hypergolic propellants are used in the core liquid propellant stages of the Titan family of launch vehicles, and on the second stage of the Delta.
The Space Shuttle orbiter uses hypergols in its Orbital Maneuvering Subsystem (OMS) for orbital insertion, major orbital maneuvers and deorbit. The Reaction Control System (RCS) uses hypergols for attitude control.
NASA is hoping to reduce launch emissions for space flight with LENR.
Cold Fusion – NASA – LENR Part Three Earthbound and Spacebound Transportation