Tadahiko Mizuno rewards CMNS community with test reactor

Nuclear chemist and veteran LENR researcher Dr. Tadahiko Mizuno is now in the recovery phase after an earthquake damaged sensitive equipment in his laboratory in Hokkaido, and the CMNS community is assisting in the repair and replacement of lab apparatus that will allow him to continue his successful excess heat research.

“I have experienced earthquakes many times before. Each one was terrible, but this time it was a bit different,” said Dr. Mizuno of the shaking.

“The fact that the laboratory was hurt by the unexpected, the fact that the building was broken – and the biggest thing is that electricity and water stopped for a few days. Earthquakes up to that point did not have that kind of thing, rather it was very localized. This time, the lab would clearly be effected.”

Like many scientists in Japan, Dr. Mizuno had prepared for a disaster like this. He says,

“Naturally, this kind of situation was contemplated. A few years ago Sapporo produced a scenario of a devastating earthquake, with almost all the buildings collapsed. There was no electricity, no water, no food- it was a cold winter game-plan. It was so realistic, it was a revelation to seriously prepare for disaster prevention.”

“We fixed everything that we could install, such as fixing shelves, setting fire extinguishers, emergency food, water, power generation radio. Of course I persuaded others to proceed with preparation. I was warning everyone!”

“A few days before, a metallic ringing continued in my ears, and an earthquake came in the middle of the night when it stopped. No matter how much preparation it was, the damage was something I could not escape.”

The quake on 3/11/11 which caused the ensuing tsunami and Fukushima disaster was foremost in his mind.

“I also had the same experience on March 11, 2011. At that time I took a day off and was vegetating in front of the TV. A loud audible alarm sounded from the TV and mobile phone, and soon a big earthquake swing came. I think everyone is aware of the situation of the subsequent disasters.”

“At that time, I was preparing CF experiments to control the heat. It seems that it was telling me to hurry again this time. I feel such a presence of God.”

Glow discharge makes significant excess power

Dr. Mizuno has been investigating both LENR excess heat and transmutations since 1989. He has written and edited several books, among them, Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion published in 1998, detailing the massive excess heat he witnessed in his earliest experiments, and the slow realization over years that there were also transmutations occurring, too.

Working as Hydrogen Engineering Application & Development HEAD, Dr. Mizuno has been part of the extraordinary collaboration between industry and academia in Japan, recently working with Clean Planet, Inc and the Condensed Matter Nuclear Science CMNS division at the Research Center for Electron Photon Science ELPH at Tohoku University.

Hideki Yoshino, the founder and CEO of Clean Planet and an organizer of collaborative LENR research, reported on Mizuno’s work at the CF/LANR Colloquium at MIT in 2014.

In that presentation, Yoshino described results from 73 tests of Mizuno’s gas discharge system where a treated nickel mesh cathode reacted with D2 gas at temperatures above 200 degrees C and pressures of 100-300 pascals using a palladium rod wrapped in palladium wire as an anode.

ICCF-21 Slide showing glow discharge reactor schematics.

In one test run, a total input power of 80 Watts produced 78 Watts excess thermal power out. Continuing for 35 days before it was turned off, the total excess energy produced was 108 MegaJoules.

The only problem? Reactions would not start sometimes until one, two, even three years later! A new method of preparing the electrodes would have to be found in order to create a reaction more quickly, and explore the parameter space of the system.

From Observation of Excess Heat by Activated Metal and Deuterium Gas by T. Mizuno JCMNS V25
Previously, the nickel mesh and palladium were carefully cleaned and then put to glow discharge, which Mizuno says creates the required nano-particles in the process. In 2017, understanding that the nickel mesh is where the reaction is located, he decided to try applying palladium directly to the nickel beforehand.

In the paper Observation of Excess Heat by Activated Metal and Deuterium Gas published in JCMNS V25 [.pdf], Mizuno writes,

“With unprocessed nickel, it is impossible to generate excess heat at all. However, if the surface is covered with particles and further Pd is present on the surface, excess heat is easily generated. The smaller the particles are, and the more Pd is uniformly present, the more the excess heat is generated.”

A new method treats the nickel by physically rubbing the palladium rod on the mesh before glow discharge begins. A second new method used electroless plating to plate palladium on the nickel mesh.

Mizuno excess power experiment is reproduced

At the 21st International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ICCF-21 held June 2018, Jed Rothwell presented some of the results of experiments using the new methods of electrode preparation.

See the ICCF-21 video presentation on Tadahiko Mizuno’s work here. Download the presentation .pdf file here.

Jed Rothwell runs the LENR science paper archive http://lenr-canr.org/ and is the author of Cold Fusion and the Future [.pdf]. He has translated many of Dr. Mizuno’s papers and books from Japanese into English. Mizuno writes:

“Jed has been involved in our research of CF work for 25 years, from 1993 to 2018. He analyzed our testing methods, our adiabatic thermal measurement method, and our air cooling method test results. He found problems and contributed to many improvements of the test method. Jed himself wrote the manuscript paper and based on these many contributions, Jed is the co-author of that paper.”

He added,

“He has also struggled to collect research funds for us. Without this funding, our CF work may have been impossible.”

The air-flow calorimetry system used by Tadahiko Mizuno from the ICCF-21 presentation (2018).

In the ICCF-21 presentation, Rothwell revealed that the new methods of electrode preparation have successfully decreased the time to reaction to about a week or two, but sadly, the change in materials preparation has reduced power output to only 5-20% of previous values, now measuring about 20-40 Watts excess thermal.

For 38 active tests, 19 using each of the two new methods, all tests but five produced about 5% excess power, with five of those 38 tests producing 15% or more excess thermal power.

There have been valid concerns with his data, and Dr. Mizuno has been responsive. For instance, he showed that the resistance heater is not part of the excess by performing glow discharge with an ordinary nickel mesh (without treatment) and producing only the amount of heat as resistance heating.

It seems addressing the objections has only strengthened the conclusions, as they should.

In fact, a team of scientists Takehiko Itoh, Yasuhiro Iwamura, Jirohta Kasagi from ELPH at Tohoku University and Hiroki Shishido from the Quantum Science and Energy Engineering Department also at Tohoku University, were able to successfully reproduce excess heat using a system almost identical to Mizuno’s, though with less heat output, only generating about 7 Watts thermal. [See Anomalous Excess Heat Generated by the Interaction between Nano-structured Pd/Ni Surface and D2 Gas in JCMNS V24 [.pdf].]

Extrapolating to 700 degrees C should produce 1 kiloWatt. From ICCF-21 presentation file.

Mizuno believes that extrapolating data relating temperature and excess power (here showing the earlier high-output data) to 700 degrees C could produce 1 kiloWatt of excess thermal power, a number Jed Rothwell notes is “much better energy density and Carnot efficiency than a fission reactor core.”

Community generosity is rewarded with test reactor

When the 6.7 earthquake hit Hokkaido on September 6, 2018, damage to the sensitive lab equipment was enough to spell an end to research. At 73 years young, it’s not easy to start over again. Describing the damage to the lab, Dr. Mizuno was optimistic about repairs saying,

“Although the shelf did not collapse, inside the lab was knocked-about. The SEM, the fluorescent X-ray equipment, and the experimental equipment which had just been installed, moved around as much as 10 cm, and the connections and vacuum were destroyed.”

“Fortunately, there is a lot of experience around able to repair the equipment, and we can fix some too, if we can make the time.

The CMNS community came together to help. Physicist and LENR scientist Dr. Dennis Cravens started a gofundme fundraiser to help with costs:

“Do unto others. If Tadahiko is correct, it is a promising path that he should continue to follow. He had been working alone without encouragement for years – and there were many years early on with no results. I know how that must feel- being alone and unappreciated. I have had many years like that.”

“We raised about $8,500 dollars. The amount sent was lightly adjusted by Go Fund Me fees and currency exchange costs getting it here to there. I should also say a few people wired money directly.”

That generosity will stretch a long way to fix the equipment, and spirits. Upon hearing of the campaign, Mizuno was overcome:

“I am very thankful to everyone for helping me. I thought for a long time that I was studying CF work all alone. I thought it was checkmate due to the earthquake damage on 6th September. I was pessimistic that I could not repair the equipment, and all was over. However, that was not so. Many friends have stepped up and supported my CF research. I was so happy, tears came to my eyes. This was the first time I have felt this way during the more than 70 years I have been alive. I am very happy that people were so kind, and am happy thinking about it. I am very grateful to everyone. I will never forget the efforts of my friends.”

Dr. Mizuno wanted to do something special and so he offered up one of his reactors to a researcher in the community to test.

Small thank-you reactor by Mizuno from Lenr-forum.

“The money you raised will be used to repair my equipment, especially the scanning electron microscope, and, part of the money will be used for the production cost of a small reactor that I am sending to another lab that has agreed to test it. I think it will produce excess heat. And I think that other researchers in the world will confirm and announce excess heat generation by these methods. Thank you again.”

Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen is Director of Operations of Norrønt AS, a company providing engineering project management and patent development. He is also a PhD candidate in Physics who has been researching ultra-dense hydrogen and Rydberg matter with PhD supervisor Svein Olafsson in Iceland and Norway’s Professor Svein Holmlid.

Zeiner-Gundersen, based in the Oslo-area of Norway, has just received the reactor from Mizuno.

“I’m guessing I was one of the first to contact Mizuno after his lab went down in the earthquake, to continue and verify his important work, and I’m also working in a well equipped lab as well. Opening the shipping box was like Christmas. All the excitement in the world.”

“I believe its not the glow discharge reactor but filled with ZrPd powder that will activate when the temperature reaches a critical point after being loaded with deuterium. I think this is the same design that yielded 12% excess heat that Jed presented at ICCF21.”

“I’m still waiting for further operating instructions before testing and I’m setting up flow calorimetry, and programming Labview data acquisition to measure everything from: voltage, current, 8 temp sensors, pressure, charged particles, alfa, beta, gamma and neutrons.”

The CMNS community, long isolated from mainstream support, knows that working together is the path to success. Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen maintains

“… the most valuable work we as researchers can do is to collaborate, share data, replicate and verify the work preformed by the best researchers in this field.”

After 30-years of breakthrough research, Tadahiko Mizuno is just getting started. He’s organizing the lab again for a new round of experiments and consulting on a reproduction half-way around the world. When asked if he will be able to build upon such spectacular results he says:

“It is all about making an excess-heat generation CF device. There is no reason not to be able to do it. This is my job.”

Akito Takahashi reports on the MHE: bigger composite samples and bigger heat

In the global field of LENR, few groups match the productivity of Japanese researchers. With a longtime history of collaboration between academia and industry, the rich and wide-ranging scientific results have enabled groups on the island to develop long-term data on systems, successfully reproduce key experiments, and grow a diverse and comprehensive team of researchers training young scientists.

Now, a collection of stunning results is reported from a two-year collaborative project focused on generating excess heat with the Metal Hydrogen Energy MHE reactor within a budget of 1 million dollars.

The six institutions of Kyushu University, Tohoku University, Nagoya University, Kobe University, the Nissan Motors Co. and Technova Inc, a division of Toyota, worked together from design to analysis, each contributing their specialty. The goal was to verify the existence of the Anomalous Heat Effect AHE in nano-metal and hydrogen gas interactions, and seek to control the effect.

The first MHE arose in 2012 at Kobe University, and now, there’s an additional reactor at Tohoku University, one with a new calorimetry design for comparative results.

A total of 16 collaborative tests have generated an average of 7-8 Watts excess thermal power, but that bumps up to 20 Watts excess on some sample runs, with no appreciable radiation from gammas or neutrons above background levels detected.

The MHE reactor at Tohoku University

According to the team, the regular success in generating heat is due to the composite materials specially developed to host the reaction, which researchers there say is required to initiate a reaction in their system. Nano-powder mixes 2-10 nanometers wide of palladium, nickel, and zirconium, and copper, nickel and zirconium, have provided excess heat greater than single palladium or nickel metal reactors.

The MHE group is also using larger amounts of host material. 200-gram samples are divided into two 100-gram samples, and sent to different labs. When tested under the same conditions, similar heat profiles are observed, producing 2-8 Watts for a week. That wouldn’t be news in any other field, but in LENR/cold fusion, this is a huge step towards nailing down this reaction.

It’s expensive, but more host material makes more heat

One Cu-Ni-Zir sample produced an anomalous heat burst peaking at 110 Watts thermal, then, dropping down to 2 Watts sustained for a day. The total energy produced by the burst: 300 kiloJoules.

The largest excess heat data was generated in the 14th collaborative experiment when a 124-gram palladium-nickel-zirconium sample generated 10-20 Watts thermal power for a month.

Dr. Akito Takahashi is one of the members on this team that has been working on the problem of cold fusion reproducibility since the early days. A nuclear engineer and senior advisor in the Thermal Energy and Technology group with Technova, he is one of the stars of a crowded Japanese field teeming with talent, and whose range of research have helped transform investigations into the Anomalous Heat Effect into a fast evolving field of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, where the parade of nuclear effects keep on surprising scientists.

He spoke at the recent ICCF-21 conference and gave an update on results from the 2-year collaborative project that he led, and what’s next for the perrenial MHE heat machine. You can watch his presentation on Youtube here and download the ICCF-21 presentation file here.

Cold Fusion Now! asked Dr. Akito Takahashi about his career in cold fusion, the MHE project, and the theoretical model he developed to try to explain and give direction to research.


RUBY Dr. Takahashi, you are an original cold fusion scientist. Can you tell us what prompted you to first start researching cold fusion, and how long did it take for you to get results?

AT In March-May 1989 after the F-P big claim of cold fusion, I was skeptical. However, the Tienanmen Crisis in Beijing China gave me a chance to get involved in cold fusion research. At that time I was busily involved in the DT fusion blanket neutronics project the US, Japan and China were collaborating on. Suddenly, the project was suspended due to the Tienanmen Crisis and I had some free time.

My expertise was in neutron physics experiment since 1965. If cold fusion is real, the F-P heavy water electrolysis should emit 2.45 MeV neutrons by d-d fusion as Steve Jones of BYU claimed. This was the common sense effect that mainstream nuclear physics people (I was one of them) would look for.

Curiosity moved me to try neutron detection with spectroscopy, which I was very familiar with, by heavy water electrolysis with palladium cathode. After several weeks in trial, I could see weak component of 2.45 MeV d-d fusion neutrons. However, the observed neutron level was very weak. If the F-P claim of anomalous thermal power (heat) in a few watts level was by cold d-d fusion reactions, ca. ten-to-the 12th order 10^12 neutrons per watt were lethal, but my observed neutron level was very very weak at ten-to-the MINUS 13th order 10^-13 level of required d-d fusion reactions. It was so curious to me. Something new and nuclear-like should have happened.

In a few weeks, I proposed a model and send a short note to journal (JNST: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology). The proposed model is the multi-body deuteron fusion theory in deuterium-absorbed metal. After about 25 years elaboration, the theory has been established as CCF (condensed cluster fusion) theory. The TSC (tetrahedral symmetric condensation) theory is the key term of theory.

Along with theoretical works, I have done many experiments on anomalous heat effect and nuclear products detection by using designed CF experimental devices for the last 30 years, under the view of CCF model guide line. Curiosity is what drives me.

Recently, I have become aware of repeated observations with convincing experimental results by the deuterium or light-hydrogen gas charging method using new concept nano-composite metal powders, which are consistent with theoretical mechanisms of CCF theory in combination of dynamic interactions of nuclear, molecular, surface-catalytic and metal solid state physics. By doing so, it has past the 30-years-mark of continued work.

RUBY You and the team of collaborators working with you, are continuing to reach for bigger results with the Metal Hydrogen Energy system, and you are getting it! What is so special about the materials you are now using?

AT Our knowledge now is: Pure palladium and nickel (even nano-powders) do not work to produce sustaining large (namely, several tens watts, currently) excess heat at practically useable elevated temperatures as 300-400 degree C. We need bi-metallic nano-composite (or nano-islands) structures in ceramics supporter flakes. Pd1Ni7/zirconia and Cu1Ni7/zirconia are typical hopeful powder samples.

We have started with 50-100g powder samples in MHE reaction chamber, and observed several-weeks sustaining anomalous heat of ca. 10 watts thermal power level, by deuterium or H-charging. Integrated excess heat in a month run reached typically 300 MJ per mol-D. So, produced energy density is more than 1000 times of gasoline-burning and is very difficult to explain by chemical reaction mechanisms and we are considering the CCF-like nuclear origin.

However, about 10 watts thermal power is still considerably low power density to be applied for industrial energy devices; we need scaling-up. To increase amount of sample is a first simple approach, which we are now attempting. To manufacture nano-composite powders with controlled nano-islands (in 2-10 nm size) is an essential approach.

In the latest result that we reported at JCF19 Meeting, November 9, 2018 in Morioka Japan, we observed anomalously large heat burst. The burst happened in about 100 seconds with approximately 3 kW thermal power, impulsively. If we will be able to control and elongate this level power generation for much longer time, we will be approaching the goal.

RUBY This project is a an excellent example of the longtime cooperation between scientists in your country, and given the results, appears to be a successful model. How would you characterize the relationship between academia and industry in Japan?

AT We have done only minimum effort to organize available 6 groups (4 university groups and two company groups) to implement the NEDO-MHE 2015-2017 project. I was the leader and directed the experimental plans for collaboration works. Researchers have joined and moved from north (Sendai Tohoku University) to west (Kobe University, and Kyushu University) for experiments, and some-times gathered in Tokyo for steering/discussion meetings.

I hope this will be a seed for next step to set-up a bigger consortium of industrial groups and university academic groups. Our latest results on anomalous heat effect can be explained only by nuclear origin and we are struggling with NEDO’s negative stance to funding Nuclear Origin Research & Development.

MEXT (ministry of education, science and culture) is promoting nuclear R&D in a monopoly-like way by sending big funds to ITER and others, and are not brave enough to provide some portion of funding to MHE R&D. So, the situation is somehow similar to US and EU.

RUBY You’ve been struggling to model this elusive reaction since the very beginning. Can you describe in layman’s terms some of the main features of the TSC model, and how is this model tied to your experimental work?

AT Theoretically, in my view, there are no molecular physics processes available in nature for two deuterons or protons to approach close enough to make visible nuclear reactions. Only transient clusters like 4, 6 and 8 deuterons (or protons) with quantum-mechanically orthogonally coupled 4, 8 and 6 electron-clouds can dynamically condense one-way and make collapse in very closed inter-nuclear distances to induce multi-body strong-force (for D) or weak-strong-force (for H) fusion reactions.

These CCF reactions do not produce primary neutrons and gamma rays. The geometrical coupling of 4 deuterons (or protons) and 4 electron-clouds under tetrahedron-tetrahedron orthogonal arrangement makes TSC, tetrahedral symmetric condensate, that is a transient cluster state and not stable.

You may imagine two D2 or H2 molecules coupling with 90 degree crossing configuration. This configuration is not stable in free space (namely in gas) and is also difficult to form in D2 or H2 gas due to bouncing by mutual collision. However, once the rotation freedom of D2 or H2 is frozen by trapping at a surface catalytic site (a sub-nano hole) of binary metal nano-particle, another incident (or out-going) D2 or H2 molecule on the surface catalytic site can make transient TSC formation with very enhanced rate.

Once TSC forms, it very rapidly (in 1-2 femto seconds) condenses in one-through way to get to a collapsing state in a nuclear-force-exchanging close distance for 4 deuterons or protons+electrons. The resultant multi-body fusion happens to produce low energy charged particles (helium, deuterium and proton).

Secondary reactions may generate neutrons and gamma-rays with very weak levels as less than 10^-13 order of primary charged particles. So radiation will be actually neglected in industrial devices generating several kW power.

RUBY The 19th Meeting of CF Research Society just wrapped up. What can you say about some of the other results presented there?

AT Other interesting reports besides ours were two instances of AHE (anomalous heat effect) observed by the DSC (differential scanning calorimetry ) apparatus at Kyushu University. That unit is particularly for nano-metals and H-gas interactions with PNZ-type and Ni-Al and Ti-Al samples at 300-800 degree C.

Tohoku group reported AHE with many temperature and gas pressure spikes, which looked very similar in effect, though with smaller scale, to a very large burst/spike of AHE by a Cu-Ni/zirconia powder sample as observed at Kobe-U/Technova.

Iwate University group are reporting basic studies on H-gas and multi-layer nano-composite metal samples. Kyoto University group is extending/improving Yamaguchi-type metal-D-gas induced AHE by electric pulse trigger.

RUBY I’m sure you have heard about Dr. Tadahiko Mizuno’s laboratory damaged by the earthquake. The community reached out to him with donations to help re-build. Were you effected by the earthquake at all?

AT In June we had big quake at Osaka to damage houses, but MHE apparatus at Kobe was OK.

RUBY Dr. Takahashi, we are approaching the 30-year mark since the announcement of cold fusion, and every experimental fact has been hard fought for. Now, you are finally realizing some of the fruits of that labor and getting more heat than ever.

What is it about cold fusion that compelled you to spend a career struggling in this most difficult field?

AT Of course, we want to solve the global warming effect created by the consumption of fossil fuels like oil and we are planning to develop eco-friendly, radiation-free, compact, novel energy generators, hopefully in 30-50 years. The so-called cold fusion reaction, and in my view, the CCF, has great potential to provide an eternal solution, helping us to escape the oil-age.

However, as a scientist, it has been curiosity that has pushed me to find the real mechanisms of the claimed mystery and miracles of the AHE and radiation-less nuclear processes. My answer now is that CCF governs it. I will continue to work on what I can do until it becomes impossible.

Slide from ICCF-21 presentation shows what’s next for the MHE project.

Hear Dr. Akito Takahashi speak about the MHE project at the 21st International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science https://www.iccf21.com/.

The ICCF-21 presentation slides are here.

Earthquake damage puts Mizuno research at risk

The 6.8 earthquake that struck Hokkaido Japan has killed nine and injured hundreds as multiple landslides shook communities.

It has also battered the laboratory of veteran LENR researcher Tadahiko Mizuno, who has lost valuable research equipment, and building damage will require the lab to move.

Pictures show items knocked off shelves, and bounced around. Damaged equipment includes an Scanning Electron Microscope and a neutron detector.

Dr. Mizuno is looking at tens of thousands of dollars of replacement costs, a number that threatens his continued LENR research.

A GoFundMe page has been set up by Dennis Cravens, and you can lend a helping hand there.

https://www.gofundme.com/replace-mizuno039s-lab

From LENR-forum Recovery thread: Some of the damage to the building. This is a beam holding up the emergency stairwell. The entire building is leaning over, around 5 cm at the 7th floor. It appears Dr. Mizuno will have to move to another building, and it will cost a lot of money to move this delicate equipment.

Objects fell on this SEM, damaging it, and the vacuum pump in it. It can not be repaired.

Tadahiko Mizuno has been researching LENR for 30-years. He was successful in generating large excess heat and was aware of transmutations early on. His book Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion was published in 1998.

It’s the simplest principle of community that if each gives a little, you can generate a lot, and that’s what the GoFundMe page is all about.

https://www.gofundme.com/replace-mizuno039s-lab

You can make something beautiful happen in the world with your act of goodness and generosity. Tadahiko Mizuno is a LENR researcher who shares his work in order to accelerate the understanding of this science.

Please share what you can with him.

And may the kindness you show today be revealed to you tomorrow.

JCF-15 pairs Experiment and Theory

Photo: Participants of the 15th meeting of Japan CF-Research Society courtesy Clean Planet, Inc.

Hideki Yoshino of Clean Planet, Inc co-hosted the event.
Hideki Yoshino of Clean Planet, Inc co-hosted the event.
The 15th Meeting of the Japan CF-Research Society was held November 1-2, 2014 at the Hokkaido Citizens Activities Promotion Center in Sapporo, Japan.

This year’s event was co-hosted by Hideki Yoshino, Founder of Clean Planet, Inc, a company providing resources to the LENR research community there, and Dr. Tadahiko Mizuno, scientist with Hydrogen Engineering Application & Developing Company and author, Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion. [buy].

Members from academia, business, government policy makers and industry in Japan were present. Dr. Akira Kitamura, an experimentalist associated with Technova, Inc and Kobe University, listed about ten active cold fusion research projects active in the country during his presentation in 2013 at ICCF-18 in The Way Forward panel [watch]. It was representatives from these groups who reported at the JCF-15 conference.

ActiveResearchGroups-Kitamura-ICCF-18ActiveResearchGroups2-Kitamura-ICCF-18

 

Slides from Akira Kitamura in The Way Forward Panel presented at ICCF-18.

JCF15 Program
JCF15 Abstracts

The program alternated between sessions on experiment and sessions on theory.

Co-organizer Hideki Yoshino said, “Emeritus Professor Takahashi from Osaka Univerisity presented his theories based on the results of Professor Kitamura and Dr. Iwamura from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. These parities demonstrated the spirit of cooperation needed and the importance of collaboration by delivering tangible results.”

Yoshino described the “passionate” atmosphere of collaboration, and hints at a possible set of benchmarks to be delivered:

“Due to the relatively remoteness of Saporo, the conference attracted passionate and committed individuals from their respective fields to contribute in a manner which at times became very intense. This passion and intensity translated to the exchanges, which raised the bar for all those who attended to deliver on goals which otherwise wouldn’t have been set. These exchanges not only raised the bar on measurable and deliverable targets but also made each individual accountable to the collective group.”

“The attendance of Emeritus Professor Kasagi from Tohoku University further demonstrated the quality of the the attendees. He aggressively challenged each one of the presenters on their respective theories and the results of their experiments. His strong demeanor insured the validity and accountability of factual information of theories and processes.”

Proceedings from the meeting have not yet been released, however previously published papers describe some of the research tracks.

Experimentalist Tadahiko Mizuno of Hydrogen Engineering A&D Co. gave the Opening Address and presented Analysis of Heat Generation using Pd and Ni Fine Wires. Recently, archivist Jed Rothwell of lenr.og spent time with Dr. Mizuno and produced Report on Mizuno’s adiabatic calorimetry [.pdf].

Theorist Akito Takahashi of Technova Inc. presented Background for Condensed Cluster Fusion. Dr. Takahashi’s Physics of Cold Fusion by TSC Theory was also published in JSCMNS Vol 13. [DOWNLOAD and go to Acrobat page 575]

Yasuhiro Iwamura et al. of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries presented Increase of Transmutation Products by Electrochemical Deuterium Permeation through Nano-Structured Pd Multilayer Thin Film. A paper on this research program Increase of Reaction Products in Deuterium Permeation-induced Transmutation by Iwamura, Y., T. Itoh, and S. Tsuruga, can be found in the Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science Vol. 13 published May 2014. [DOWNLOAD and go to Acrobat page 252]

Theorist Ken-ichi Tsuchiya of the National Institute of Technology, Tokyo College spoke on Convergence Aspect of the Self-consistent Calculations for Quantum States of Charged Bose Particles in Solids. Quantum States of Charged Bose Particles in Solids from JCF-5 describes the groundwork.[.pdf] See also, JCMNS Vol. 13 published A Self-Consistent Iterative Calculation for the Two Species of Charged Bosons Related to the Nuclear Reactions in Solids [DOWNLOAD and go to Acrobat page 604]

Akira Kitamura et al. of both Technova Inc. and Kobe University presented Comparison of some Ni-based nano-composite samples with respect to excess heat evolution under exposure to hydrogen isotope gas at the meeting. JSCMNS Vol 13 published Recent Progress in Gas-phase Hydrogen Isotope Absorption/Adsorption Experiments by A. Kitamura, Y. Miyoshi, H. Sakoh, A. Taniike, Y. Furuyama, A. Takahashi, R. Seto, Y. Fujita, T. Murota and T. Tahara. [DOWNLOAD and go to Acrobat page 287]

Says Yoshino, “This ongoing cooperation and collaboration among the members of JCF towards a single vision of creating clean, abundant and safe energy for all mankind, is essential for the realization of our collective goal.”

Find more photos of JCF-15 on the Clean Planet Gallery.

Related Links

Japan CF-Research Society

Clean Planet, Inc.

Technova, Inc.

Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion by Dr. Tadahiko Mizuno

Japanese Cold Fusion Research Society meeting papers released

The Japanese Cold Fusion Research Society (JCF) held its 14th meeting last December at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, where Dr. X.F. Wang of Arata R&D Center and Hydrogen Eng. A&D Co. and Hideki Yoshino of Clean Planet, Inc. both reported on academic and industry researchers presenting their most recent results.

The JCF-14 Proceedings edited by Akira Kitamura of Technova, Inc. and Kobe University consists of papers of presenters at the event.

“… cold fusion has a potential ability to establish a small-scale, radiationless nuclear reactor, and hopefully to shorten half-lives of radioactive wastes by nuclear transmutation,” writes Kitamura in the Preface.

He believes that this approach has the potential …

“not only to realize an environmentally-sound nuclear power system with zero emission of the greenhouse gases and other harmful oxides, but also to develop a novel technique for disposal of the nuclear wastes produced by fission reactors.”

Transmutation data was presented by several speakers including Yasuhiro Iwamura and S. Tsuruga of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Hideo Kozima of Cold Fusion Research Lab. Several theoretical papers are published as well.

Of particular interest to general readers is Hideo Kozima‘s paper What is cold fusion?

In the essay, he defines: The CFP (Cold Fusion Phenomenon) stands for “nuclear reactions and accompanying events occurring in open (with external particle and energy supplies), non-equilibrium system composed of solids with high densities of hydrogen isotopes (H and/or D) in ambient radiation” belonging to Solid-State Nuclear Physics (SSNP) or Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (CMNS). (CFRL News No.81, http://www.geocities.jp/hjrfq930/).

Kozima goes on to say, “The most important fields of the CFP developed after the initial discovery in 1989 are various kinds of events in protium systems and the nuclear transmutations both in deuterium and protium systems which have not been in their targets of the evaluation of the two DOE Reports [DOE Reports 1989, 2004].”

His survey of CF data has caused him to write the “irreproducibility of events in the CFP [cold fusion phenomenon] discussed in Sec. 3 is closely related to the complexity in this phenomenon.” Solutions to data sets are “using the Feigenbaum’s theorem describing a nature of an equation of nonlinear dynamics [Kozima 2012, 2013]”. In response, Kozima presents a “TNCF model [Kozima 1998, 2006] with a single adjustable parameter nn is based on the whole experimental facts obtained in materials composed of various host solids and hydrogen isotopes not only deuterium but also protium.”

Find the essay What is Cold Fusion? by Hideo Kozima in the JCF-14 Proceedings. [.pdf]

See also:

Industry and academic partnerships report from JCF-14 meeting

Industry and academic partnerships report from JCF-14 meeting

The Japanese Cold Fusion Research Society (JCF) held their fourteenth meeting on December 7-8, 2013 at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Tokyo, Japan where teams from academia and industry reported on their research.

Japanese business was an early supporter of cold fusion, also called Condensed-matter Fusion (CF), with giants like Toyota Corporation funding research that supported Drs. Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons in their French laboratory.

Over the twenty-five years since, official support waned for the notoriously difficult-to-reproduce reaction. The Japanese Cold Fusion Society (JCF) was formed in 1999 to bring scientists still working in the field together to share data. Since then, annual meetings have hosted live demonstrations of energy-producing cells, along with reports on multiple reproductions of key experiments.

Today, momentum is stronger than ever as industry involvement grows rapidly with corporations like Technova, Toyota, and Mitsubishi engaging in partnership with independent scientists and academics to pursue a commercial product.

Clean Planet is a new capital firm now working to advance the field with funding and resources. Founder and Chair Hideki Yoshino attended the recent meeting in Tokyo and described what triggered his involvement.

“On March 11, 2011, Japan was struck by a tsunami which devastated and created havoc throughout this island nation,” writes Yoshino. “The Fukushima meltdown triggered by the tsunami highlighted our vulnerability, even when we have the best back up systems in place. The failure of backup systems has left this country and parts of the world dealing with the threats of radioactive fallout. It became apparent that nuclear fission simply isn’t a safe and clean form of energy. This event was the catalyst for Clean Planet.”

“Clean Planet was created out of the need to better understand how we as a society can grow and prosper while protecting and providing peace and security for our future generations because we believe that a clean, safe and abundant source of energy is the key for the future of our global community.”

Yoshino and his team at Clean Planet have extensive experience in education, business, and law, and they’ve launched strong into CF. Two of the first recipients of support are Dr. Tadahiko Mizuno‘s group at Hydrogen Engineering Application & Development Company (HEAD) and Dr. Yoshiaki Arata‘s team at Arata Research Lab.

“Our direct and transparent approach allows us to 1, fund, and 2, bring human resources to the table which in turn allows us to optimize these resources to their full potential,” says Yoshino.

“Also, by bringing the community of researches and scientist together we are able to share in each others experiences which brings efficiencies both financially and academically to this exciting field of research.”

To what purpose? Yoshino is clear.

“We will initiate, create and distribute clean energy technologies that will enhance the well-being of all mankind to the global community.”

Clean Planet and HEAD will host JCF-15 scheduled for next year in Hokkaido, Japan.

Until then, Dr. X.F. Wang of the Hydrogen Eng. A&D Co. (HEAD) and the Arata R&D Center has filed this report on JCF-14.

JCF-14-Heavyweights

14th Japanese Cold Fusion Research Society Meeting Report by Dr. X.F. Wang

The program: http://jcfrs.org/JCF14/jcf14-program.pdf

The abstracts: http://jcfrs.org/JCF14/jcf14-abstracts.pdf

Paper presentation: Oral presentation 20 min.
(Review: 25min) + Discussion 5 min.
Oral report language: Japanese

Please see the following abstract of JCF14 about the brief content of theoretical analysis, which is not involved in this report. (The abstracts: http://jcfrs.org/JCF14/jcf14-abstracts.pdf)

It is summarized by the speech sequence.

Day 1 Saturday, December 7, 2013

13:00-13:10 Opening Address H. Numata (Tokyo Institute of Tech.)

Experiment-1 Chairman; T. Mizuno (Hydrogen Eng. A&D Co.)

JCF-14-1

13:10-13:35 JCF14-1 A. Kitamura (Technova Inc., Kobe U.)
Title: Study on Anomalous Heat Evolution from H-Ni Nanoparticle System at Elevated Temperature with Mass-Flow Calorimetry

① A new scaled-up (ten-times-larger volume: from 50cc to 500cc) absorption system with oil(boiling point: 390 deg-C)-mass-flow calorimetry (Fig.1) is calibrated using a dummy Al2O3 powder:

Conclusions:
a. The coolant oil reached almost 300 deg.C at heater input of 231W.
b. Long-term stability, or fluctuation in terms of standard deviation, is better than 0.5deg.C.
c. Conversion factor, dW/dT=(0.970.08)W/deg with an oil-flow rate of 20 cc/min.
d. Heat recovery efficiency is (0.880.03) with heat removal time constant of (301.2) min.

②The first trial run with a 50g CNS sample (silica-included Cu・Ni nano-compound containing 4g of Ni) mixed with 200g Al2O3:

Conclusions:
a. Both TC2 at the oil outlet and RTD’s inside the reaction chamber show higher temperatures than for the blank sample, which implies a long-lasting excess power of ~20W(i.e., 5W/g-Ni).
b. The assumed excess heat appears to be on the same order as that of the CNZ(Cu・Ni/ZrO2) sample yielding 2 W/g-Ni excess power.
c. Further measurements with more precise comparison are necessary to confirm the excess.

③ The runs with a 294-g CNZ4 sample (ZrO2-supproted Cu・Ni nano-composite containing 61-g of Ni) with an axial heater added:

Conclusions:
a. TC2 at the oil outlet and RTD’s inside the reaction chamber showed higher temperatures than for the blank sample, which implies an excess power and energy of ca. 10W (i.e., 0.2W/g-Ni) and 30 eV/atom-Ni, respectively.
b. The excess power is hardly explained only by atomic/molecular processes, although no hard radiations have been observed.
c. Further investigations with a variety of run parameters is necessary to enhance the excess.

13:35-14:00 JCF14-2 S. Tsuruga (Mitsubishi H. I.)
Title: Recent Advances in Deuterium Permeation Induced Transmutation Experiments using Nano-Structured Pd/CaO/Pd Multilayer Thin Film

Concluding Remarks:
1. Low energy nuclear transmutations from Cs into Pr, Sr into Mo, Ba into Sm and Ca into Ti have been observed in the Pd complexes, which are composed of Pd and CaO thin film and Pd substrate, induced by D2 gas permeation (Fig.4).
2. An electrochemical method was applied to increase the local deuteron density near the surface of the nano-structured Pd multilayer film. Transmutation products were increased up to ~1μg/cm2 by this approach (Fig.5).
3. Statistically significant gamma-rays were detected. These emissions were supposed to be caused by the increase of transmutation products (Fig.6).

14:00-14:25 JCF14-3 T. Takahashi (Iwate U.)
Title: Deuterium permeation experiment using Pd/Ni multi-layered sample
Deuterium permeation experiment using Pd/Pd/Ni/Pd Multi-layered sample was carried out(Fig.7a).

Experiment process:
1. Sample was sealed inside the stage (shown in Fig. 7c), and then vacuumed (10-4Pa) at temperature 120℃, kept for 48~72h.
2. The temperature of sample was set up to 70℃, and then D2 gas was loaded into the chamber (Fig.7b) until 0.2MPa. D2 gas flow rate was measured by the Mass flow meter. This process was kept for 7 days.
3. After the D2 gas loading process , the chamber was exhausted at temperature 120℃ for 48~72 hours.
4. The sample was analyzed by TOF-SIMS (Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry).
Conclusions:
1. Transmutation products from Element 133Cs were not identified (Fig.8).
2. For other transmutation products (Fig.9), it is necessary to proceed carefully assess from the impurity.
3. It is necessary to investigate about increasing the permeate flow rate, and the optimization of conditions for forming the film (Fig.10).
The flow rate is about 0.1~0.3[ccm/cm2] (Fig.10). Higher flow rate applying the sample immediately after preparation is observed. That is to say that the impurities on the surface is related to the flow rate.

Theory-1 Chairman; N. D. Cook (Kansai U.)

14:40-15:05 JCF14-4 T. Sawada (Nihon U.)
Title: Relation between the magnetic monopole and NAE of the nuclear cold fusion

15:05-15:30 JCF14-5 H. Kozima et al. (CF Res. Lab.)
Title: Atomic Nucleus and Neutron Nuclear Physics Revisited with the Viewpoint of the Cold Fusion Phenomenon

15:30-15:55 JCF14-6 H. Kozima (CF Res. Lab.)
Title: Nuclear Transmutation in Actinoid Hydrides and Deuterides

16:00-17:30 JCF Annual Meeting

18:00-20:00 Reception

JCF-14-reception

Day 2 Sunday, December 8, 2013

Experiment-2 Chairman; Y. Iwamura (Mitsubishi H. I.)
*This section was chaired by S. Narita (Iwate U.) because Y. Iwamura (Mitsubishi H. I.) called in sick.

10:00-10:25 JCF14-7 X.F. Wang (Arata R&D Center and Hydrogen Eng. A&D Co.)
Title: Synthesis of nano-Pd particles in Y-Zeolite pores by ultrasonic irradiation

0.8nm nano-Pd particles can be synthesized in Y-Zeolite pores by ultrasonic irradiation as shown in Fig.12. Since the synthesis process is not complicated, nano-Pd particles in Y-Zeolite pores can be expected to be applied to Cold Fusion. The Hydrogen/deuterium absorption features of nano-Pd particles in Y-Zeolite pores should be investigated as follows:
1. The effect of species, pores ​​diameter of Y-Zeolite.
2. The effect of average particle size, particle size distribution of Nano Pd particles.
3. The effect of temperature, pressure.

JCF-14-Mizuno-Wang

10:25-10:50 JCF14-8 H. Yamada et al. (Iwate U.)
Title: Impressive Increase in Number of Etch Pit occasionally Produced on CR-39 in Light and Heavy Water Electrolysis Using Ni Film Cathode

Conclusions:
1. The reaction does not always take place in every electrolysis experiment but occasionally does under the same experimental condition.
2. Impressive increase in number of etch pit has been observed in 4 out of 16 for H2O and 1 out of 6 for D2O electrolysis conditions.
3. The common factors to increase number of the etch pit in the CR-39 chip might be
 ①Ni film cathode
②The long electrolysis time
③Li in the electrolyte solution

Theory-2 Chairman; K.Tsuchiya (Tokyo National College of Tech.)

10:50-11:20 JCF14-9 A. Takahashi et al. (Technova Inc.)
Title: D(H)-Cluster Langevin Code and Some Calculated Results

*The source of BASIC EXE applied by Prof. Takahashi can be downloaded from here:
http://hp.vector.co.jp/authors/VA008683/basicw32.htm

11:20-11:45 JCF14-10 H. Miura
Title: Computer Simulation of Hydrogen States near T site in Ni and Pt Metals

11:45-12:10 JCF14-11 H. Numata (Tokyo Institute of Tech.)
Title: Numerical simulation of vortex appeared on electrode surface under long term evolution of deuterium in 0.1M LiOD

Vortex formation locally, triggered by cylindrical pillar current initiation.

12:10-13:30 Lunch

Theory-3 Chairman; E. Yamaguchi (Doshisya U.)

13:30-13:55 JCF14-12 K. Tsuchiya (Tokyo National College of Tech.)
Title: The quantum states of the system including two species of charged bosons in ion traps Ⅲ

13:55-14:25 JCF14-13 E. Igari (Hydrogen Eng. A&D Co.)
Title: Discussion about the quality of the experiments in cold fusion

Conclusions:
When we experiment in cold fusion, we must think about both theoretical and technical issues. The theory of cold fusion continues to evolve. But, the technology of experiment has not caught up with the theory. The Problems remains in the nanostructure and gas control. However, these problems will be solved by technological innovations.

JCF-14-Igari

14:25-14:50 JCF14-14 N. D. Cook (Kansai U.)
Title: Transmutation of Palladium and Nickel Isotopes

14:50-15:15 JCF14-15 H. Kozima (CF Res. Lab.)
Title: Nuclear Transmutations (NTs) in Cold Fusion Phenomenon (CFP) and Nuclear Physics

15:15-15:40 JCF14-16 H. Kozima (CF Res. Lab.)
Title: The Cold Fusion Phenomenon What is It?

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Cold Fusion NOW!

Related Links

Clean Planet [in English]

Japanese Cold Fusion Research Society [in English]

Dr. Yasuhiro Iwamura
at ICCF-18 “Recent Advances in Deuterium Permeation Induced Transmutation Experiments Using Nano-Structured Pd/CaO/Pd Multilayer Thin Film” [slides]

Akira Kitamura at ICCF-18 “A Mass-Flow-Calorimetry System for Scaled-up Experiments on Anomalous Heat Evolution at Elevated Temperatures” [slides]

Akito Takahashi at ICCF-18 “Nuclear Products of Cold Fusion by TSC Theory” [slides]

Decontamination of radioactive ashes by nano-silver by Toshiro Sengaku

No active nuke power in Japan in Toshiro Sengaku