2019 LANR/CF Colloquium at MIT honors 30-years of breakthrough science

CMNS investigators and the science community will be celebrating the 30th-anniversary of the announcement of cold fusion at the LANR/CF Colloquium at MIT on the campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA on Saturday, March 23 and Sunday, March 24, 2019.

These colloquiua have been hosted for many years by Dr. Mitchell Swartz of  JET Energy Incorporated, Dr. Peter Hagelstein of the Energy Production and Energy Conversion Group at MIT, and Gayle Verner, also of JET Energy.

The focus is the science and engineering of successful Lattice Assisted Nuclear Reaction [LANR] systems, including the important roles of the lattice and material science issues, as well as electrophysics.

Dr. Swartz believes engineering, along with the benefits of teaching its principles, is vital for success of attaining active LANR systems.

He has previously demonstrated the importance of this with his engineered systems including his metamaterial high impedance aqueous PHUSOR®-type technology that was shown on the MIT campus in 2003 as part of  ICCF10, and, his dry preloaded NANOR®-type component technology demonstrated in 2012 at the Cold Fusion 101 IAP Course at MIT, which ran for 3 months thereafter.

“Where is there science without engineering?” he asks.

“When we first made ‘cat whiskers’ back in the 50s using galena (a mineral) and a perpendicular wire positioned on it to make a junction “diode” – that was considered high-tech.  Now look how far we’ve come with the engineering in that technology.” 

“Similarly,” says Dr. Swartz, “in this clean energy-production field, there is much data heralding that applied engineering has also improved results: including incremental power gain, total output power, and excess energy density which have all increased; supplemented by improving controls and many new diagnostics.”

“Research takes meticulous effort, taking the time to write it up, and if you’re lucky – submitting it and getting feedback. So that’s why we’re having a posters at the colloquium.”

Updates will be posted here and 2019 LANR/CF Colloquium website at:   http://theworld.com/~mica/2019colloq.html

Attendance to the Meeting requires pre-Registration. The room size for the Colloquium is space-limited, and due to this limited size, there will be no walk-ins.

Note that the DEADLINE for REGISTRATION is March 14th.

See accommodations options 2019 LANR/CF Hotel Options [.pdf]

See closest hotels to campus on google maps.

AGENDA and Tentative Schedule
LANR Science and Engineering: From Hydrogen to Clean Energy Production Systems

SATURDAY
I. Experimental Confirmations of LANR/CF
A, Energy Production:
Excess Heat/Tardive Thermal Power (Heat after Death)
Helium Production/Other Products
Penetrating Emissions/Particles
Distinguishing Optical/Radiofrequency/Acoustic Signatures
Engineering Methods of Activation/Control
Engineering of Applied Magnetic Field Intensities

B. Energy Conversion:
Stirling LANR Engines/Propulsion Systems
Thermoelectric Conversion/Direct LANR Electrical Generation
Rotating Linked LANR Magnetic Systems
Acoustic LANR Conversion Systems

II. Other Experimental Support for LANR/CF
Supporting Confirmations (eg Fract. And Comb Phonon Expts)

III. Theories Supporting/Consistent with LANR/CF
Lattice/Metallurgical/Material Science
Nuclear
Electromagnetic
Other

IV. Engineering Applications from/of LANR/CF

V. Reconciliation of Success with Policy/Obstruction


See the previous 2014 LANR/CF Colloquium lectures here, held on the 25th Anniversary of the announcement of cold fusion.


Andrea Rossi EcatSK demo

“The EcatSK is available now for industrial applications. If you want safe, reliable, competitively priced heat, we encourage you to contact us.”

That was the announcement on the EcatSK demonstration broadcast live on the Network at http://www.ecatskdemo.com/ January 31, in an event dedicated to Swedish scientist Dr. Sven Kullander.

From the Press Release:

“The E-Cat SK produces kilowatts of energy while consuming only grams of inexpensive and abundant fuel (hydrogen, nickel, lithium) over a period of six months.”

A screenshot from EcatSKdemo.com shows:

Watch a video of the demo here on Youtube.

But videos don’t translate into the real, physical world, yet.

LENR bad-boy Andrea Rossi, inventor of the EcatSK, draws ire from working scientists in the CMNS field for his theatrics and demonstrations that have yet to be confirmed by the community-at-large. He does not attend conferences or meetings, does not publish in JCMNS, and has little contact with active CMNS researchers. Documents from the very public trial with former partner Industrial Heat showed a decidedly uncooperative Leonardo Corporation working outside the bounds of normal business expectation.

Listen to the Cold Fusion Now! podcast episodes with Abd ul-Rahmann Lomax, who documented the trial, and Mats Lewan, who authored An Impossible Invention, a book that follows the development of Andrea Rossi’s Ecat.

But if LENR had a Human Resources center, they would be hard-pressed to find anything that resembled a mainstream scientific organization. The people who would tread into the pariah science of cold fusion, conduct advanced nuclear research in basement labs at their own expense, banned from publishing any corroborated results, and derided by their peers adorned with money and fame – are by self-selection uniquely fashioned individuals, and that quality intensifies at the fringes of the fringe.

Andrea Rossi escaped the US with $10 million and moved his enterprise to Sweden, where the QuarkX and new EcatSK have been developed. The EcatSK reactive material based on nickel and light-hydrogen has had a long history of making big heat.

Precedence for excess heat from nickel-hydrogen systems

In August of 1989, University of Siena Professor of Physics Francesco Piantelli discovered the anomalous heat effect in Nickel-Hydrogen systems, and made exceptionally large output power in the process. His collaborations with Professors Sergio Focardi and Robert Habel began in 1990.

Mathieu Valat of MFMP (L) and Francesco Piantelli (R).

Seventeen years later, Andrea Rossi asked Dr. Focardi to evaluate his then-Energy Catalyzer, and got a positive review. The relationship continued through Sergio Focardi’s death in 2013.

Sergio Focardi portrait after October 6, 2011 demonstration of E-Cat.

Dismissed as a con man taking advantage of an elderly scientist, we believe this early LENR pioneer deserves more credit. Cold Fusion Now! accepts that Andrea Rossi can make a reaction happen, but has problems controlling the reaction to make a technology, just like everybody else in this field.

Mats Lewan, author of An Impossible Invention, a book on the development of the Ecat, writes on his blog, that the new device “uses only minute amounts of abundant elements such as hydrogen, nickel, lithium and aluminium”.

Has this fuel changed from previous mixtures?

Nickel is a catalyst for the fuel

In Analysis of New Rossi PCT filing based on US Patent 9,115,913 issued 25Aug15 patent lawyer David French writes:

Among the embodiments are those in which the fuel mixture includes lithium and lithium aluminum hydride, those in which the catalyst includes a group 10 element, such as nickel in powdered form, or in any combination thereof.

In other embodiments, the catalyst in powdered form, has been treated to enhance its porosity. For example, the catalyst can be nickel powder that has been treated to enhance porosity thereof. [In those embodiments that include an electrical resistor, the].The apparatus can also include an electrical energy source, such as a voltage source and/or current source in electrical communication with the [resistor.] heat source.

Among the other embodiments are those in which the fuel wafer includes a multi-layer structure having a layer of the fuel mixture in thermal communication with a layer containing the electrical resistor. heat source.

In yet other embodiments, the fuel wafer includes a central heating insert and a pair of fuel inserts disposed on either side of the heating insert.

Read full article Analysis of New Rossi PCT filing based on US Patent 9,115,913 issued 25Aug15 by David French for more on brackets.

Furthermore,

The powder in the fuel mixture consists largely of spherical particles having diameters in the nanometer to micrometer range, for example between 1 nanometer and 100 micrometers. Variations in the ratio of reactants and catalyst tend to govern reaction rate and are not critical. However, it has been found that a suitable mixture would include a starting mixture of 50% nickel, 20% lithium, and 30% LAH. Within this mixture, nickel acts as a catalyst for the reaction, and is not itself a reagent. While nickel is particularly useful because of its relative abundance, its function can also be carried out by other elements in column 10 of the periodic table, such as platinum or palladium.

Reproductions of the Rossi Ecat have been conducted world-wide, with mixed results. The successful fuel recipe with the combinations and concentrations of critical elements is still unknown.

“Any element that reacts with hydrogen appears to support LENR – titanium, nickel, zirconium have all been explored. The big challenge is to find out what it is about those hydrides that is unique and makes it possible to initiate a nuclear reaction.” says Dr. Edmund Storms, a nuclear chemist and LENR researcher. “Rossi found that nickel is important, but there’s a certain lack of understanding of what Rossi did.”

“Rossi identified nickel as being where the nuclear reaction was occurring. But that is actually not the material he was using initially; he was using a nickel catalyst. A nickel catalyst is not pure nickel. It’s nickel that has been applied to some inert substrate. That’s the way catalysts work.”

Edmund Storms spoke with Ruby on the Cold Fusion Now! podcast and gave a tutorial on catalysts.

“There’s an acting metal that can break the hydrogen bond, and then, there’s an inert substrate on which the hydrogen atom can diffuse, causing what’s called spillover hydrogen. It’s that spillover hydrogen that is active for the reaction, not the hydrogen in the nickel. So there’s reason to think the nickel is not where the action is.”

Historical example of catalytic fusion

An example is found in the work of Les Case, a chemical engineer with four degrees from MIT who discovered what he called catalytic fusion using palladium and deuterium systems. Case found that a catalyst made by depositing palladium – in finely divided form – on charcoal, could be made nuclear active.

Graphic: Les Case in 1998 from http://www.angelfire.com/scifi2/zpt/case.html

Ten years ago, Case wrote, “I discovered that using certain standard commercial catalysts, one could get this fusion to occur under reproducible, mild conditions. This is the catalyst that I’ve set upon as being about the most effective that I currently have available. This is a standard palladium on activated carbon catalyst. One-half percent by weight of palladium loaded on this activated carbon— this is the key. You change this just a little bit and it doesn’t work— at all! But if you stay within the approved ranges, it works basically all the time.” -Infinite Energy Magazine July 1999

This was the experiment eventually reproduced by a team at SRI International led by Dr. Michael McKubre that also correlated the excess heat with the nuclear product Helium-4.

“Now, people said, ok the reaction is happening on the finely divided palladium,” continues Storms. “but that’s not necessarily true. The reaction could also be happening in the charcoal.”

“The charcoal cracks a lot. Look at it on a scanning electron microscope and you can see the cracks. All the charcoal has to do is allow the hydrogen atoms being generated at the palladium to diffuse across the surface to find a crack where the nuclear reaction occurs.”

This hypothesis is supported by the fact that when the source of charcoal, made from a particular coconut collected from a South Pacific island, was no longer available, Case could not get the reaction to work ever again; no other charcoal would work in his device.

“We have to be very careful in imagining where this nuclear reaction actually occurs. Even in palladium, in the electrolytic experiments, it only occurs very near the surface. And the surface of the cathode is not pure palladium, it’s a very complex alloy, and it’s also complex metalgraphically, so there’s a lot of stuff going on there, that has no relationship whatsoever to how people imagine palladium to look.”

According to Edmund Storms, there is no reason to believe that the nuclear reaction was occurring in the palladium itself, and likewise, the same situation would apply to the nickel-hydrogen reactions.

If Andrea Rossi has found the right mix of elements to catalyze and control the reaction, only time will tell as we wait for confirmation.

Michael McKubre at ICCF-21

LENR consultant and former Director of Energy Research at SRI International Michael McKubre presented at the 21st International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science held at Colorado State University in Fort Collins Colorado. The five-day conference ran June 3-8, 2018 and featured multiple groups reporting solid results in the generation of excess heat and transmutations.

Several labs are regularly able to produce between 6-20 Watts excess thermal power and are now experimenting with the various parameters in order to determine how to scale that output up. There were several theory sessions and more theories presented, but no consensus on modeling features of the reaction was determined.

In episode 13 of the Cold Fusion Now! podcast, we join Michael McKubre just starting his talk on Monday morning June 4 with The Fleischmann Pons Heat and Ancillary Effects: What Do We Know, and Why? How Might We Proceed?

Listen at our podcast page https://coldfusionnow.org/cfnpodcast/ or subscribe in iTunes.

Patreon supports creators like us, and we need you to join in. Go to our homepage on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/coldfusionnow and pledge your support. Just a few dollars brings the voices of breakthrough energy research to world attention.

Then take the next step and talk to your friends, talk to your family, talk to your teachers and students: there’s a new kind of energy discovered, based on the quantum effects of hydrogen interacting with metal, and it offers a green technological future with enough resources for everybody. We can make it happen, but there’s still work to do. Become a Cold Fusion Now! Patron on Patreon!

Find more notes, audio, and photos of ICCF-21 courtesy the Cold Fusion Now! Collective here.

ICCF-21 Monday and Tuesday Presentations

Cold Fusion Now! attended the 21st International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ICCF-21 held June 3-8 at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado, US and captured video and snapshots of the event.

Pages summarizing the presentations are currently under construction, but take a peek at Monday and Tuesday’s summaries enhanced with audio files of presentation lectures:

ICCF-21 Cold Fusion Now! Compilation Monday Presentations
ICCF-21 Cold Fusion Now! Compilation Tuesday Presentations
ICCF-21 Cold Fusion Now! Compilation Wednesday Presentations

Thanks go to Robert Ellefson who contributed the audio files. Not all presentations were able to be recorded. Additional processing was done by Esa Ruoho. Please report any errors and we will address them.

Look for Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday’s lectures this week! We’ve got more photos, more audio, and a positive feeling that the field is stronger and more diverse than ever.

THANK YOU to EVERYONE WHO MADE ICCF-21 a SUCCESS!

ICCF21 Day 2 Heat, Transmutation, Rydberg Matter, Theory

Day 2 of the 21st International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ICCF21 at the Colorado State University began early and sadly, yours truly was on sub-standard , and I missed several of the talks, including the first one, which I was really excited about.



Fran Tanzella presented Nanosecond Pulse Stimulation in the Ni-H2 System at 8AM. Unfortunately, I was late, and Tanzella was already in full-swing. He was showing a diagram of the 4th generation Brillouin Hot Tube (Isoperibol) which operates in an H2 gas, runs at a constant pressure and uses two types of calorimetry. The action begins with an automated sequence of low voltage pulses. The temperature is also varied from 200-600 degrees C in fixed intervals.

Sadly, I forgot my glasses, and could hardly see the screen of data. I had to leave and run to get them in the dorm room, quite a distance away.



Upon returning with full sight, Mitchell Swartz was already speaking on Aqueous and Nanostructured CF/LANR Systems. His quasi 1-dimensional model begins with the flow of deuterons in the lattice, but the take-away is that if you see bubbling in an aqueous systems, you will not succeed.

He then showed a graph of an improved system called Phusor. The light-water system which uses a gold anode and nickel cathode are ohmic controlled and at ICCF10 at Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT, it demonstrated a 2.5x energy output live over three days.

Swartz has controlled “heat after death” and gotten massive excess heat. A JET CF Engine was the inspiration for DTRA to fund work in this space.

Swartz asked Melvin Miles for his voltage data (only electrical current was published) and when Swarz computed the energies using his model and Miles’ voltage numbers, agreement was made. Swartz said he has no doubt that what Miles discovered with the heat-helium correlation was correct.

There are two states in th pre-loaded nano-materials for the NANOR design, where energy gains at yet another live demo at MIT were 12x input power.

Swartz tries to characterize the material by starting at low-voltage and increasing the voltage until an “avalanche” episode downwards, which matches the Ohmic control. It is found that coherent optical beams interact with phonons to increase power in these systems.

Two states of the system, active and inactive, have been confirmed by spectroscopy, the excess heat, and another method. Mitchell Swartz works with Peter Hagelstein of MIT to understand the science through theory-driven experiments and they are continuing to collaborate on the NANOR design to achieve robust excess heat.

I had wanted to get a picture of Mitchell Swartz but he resisted as he had a black eye from bumping his head on the very square and hard wood bed frames in these dorm rooms! I’ll get that picture tomorrow.



Francesco Celani was next with Steps to Identification of Main Parameters for AHE Generation in Sub-Microscopic Materials Measurements by Isoperibolic and
Air-Flow Calorimetry

He first acknowledged Brian Josephson (among others) who wrote to the National Institute for Nuclear Physics INFN in Italy in support of the continuation of Celani’s research, despite the fact that he was at the working age limit and should be retired.

Celani’s work focused on Constantan materials. Since 2011 he uses gaseous Hydrogen with the thermocouple inserted within the Ni nano powders and not the Ni itself. Fe-Constantan is the best to work with at <700 C. To increase the surface are of of CNM wire, several hundred electric pulses (50ms duration) are applied. He showed a diagram of the cathode wires with "knots" in them. A video camera on the wire during activation showed the pulses actually flexing the wire wildly. The knot regions are significantly hotter than the regular straight wire, and, the chemical composition of the wire also changed. He found the active area of the wire is in the sub-micrometric surface. The anomalous heat generated is inversely proportional to the diameter of the wire. Putting glass sheaths around the wire also proved to increase the heat effect and in at least one case melted the glass.



M.R. Staker then spoke on Coupled Calorimetry and Resistivity Measurements, in Conjunction with an Emended and More Complete Phase Diagram of the Palladium- Isotopic Hydrogen System

He had a huge outline of material first focusing on H-induced Vacancy Formation.
SAV are the most stable structure of all M-H alloys, a “true equilibrium form”. The same thermal de-sorption occurs for nickel, copper and other materials.

Then, E.J. Beiting of spoke on Investigation of the Nickel-Hydrogen Anomalous Heat Effect reproduced from The Aerospace Corporation’s paper Investigation of the Nickel-Hydrogen Anomalous Heat Effect.

Get the report on the Aerospace Company’s Library page by referencing the number ATR-2017-01760.

Beiting spent 20 years investigating electric propulsion. Most satellites are launched with electric propulsion. Cold fusion /LENR will revolutionize this space, allowing more high-power communication and dropping the large, bulky and weighty solar power systems.

He noted that NASA has developed a Stirling engine with a 20-year lifetime.

Aerospace Corporation IRAD Limitation Resources are scarce in the skeptical environment there, and Beiting had one experimental shot to try an investigation.

He chose to replicate the Arata/Ahern Sample Preparation, using thermal triggering and a DC power supply.

Sample preparation was similar to that in yesterdays Technova presentation. Nanometer Ni-Pd particles are added in micron-sized particles. He deviated from Arata/Ahern by adding small magnetic materials.

Two experiments used two cells each, an active and a control cell. Details are in the Aerospace report, but Beiting saw excess heat in both cells, and more excess heat with the magnetic particles. He recorded power in, pressure, and temperature. X-ray tomography (excellent equimant at Aerospace Corp.) on the cell revealed the internal structure of the loaded cell, and how the material was situated.

20 grams of active material were in each cell and the active cell received about 20 grams of magnetic materials.

The gas-loading period was 2 days, the heating-triggering period was 4 days. Total run time of the experiment was 10 weeks.

At 950 hours (40 days), excess energy appeared to be greater than chemically possible with a 7.5% excess power. He feels confident that he has verified results of Arata/Ahern.

A few weaknesses were that thermometry was used instead of calorimatry, and the thermocouples were imbedded in the sample which had caused a possible reaction with the sample and a possible hot spot.

Upper management of Aerospace Corporation were at Univeristy of Utah during the early years of this science, and continue to be skeptical. He noted that very competent physicists give non-scientific objection without even looking at the data.

After researching the psychology of this, Beiting ended with CONFIRMATION BIAS + COGNITIVE DISSONANCE do not equal CRITICAL THINKING.



A short break allowed me to take some photos of the crowd before William Collis of ISCMNS introduced Jean-Paul Biberian to speak on Anomalous Isotopic Composition of Silver in a Palladium Electrode for the session on Transmutations.

Biberian worked with a cathode given to him by Stanley Pons in 2001 from the ICARUS 9 cell. He aimed to do SIMS analysis to detect any transmutations. He showed a diagram of the double-walled cell and listed various fusion reactions involving PD+D that give silver Ag isotopes.

The cathode was a 100mm x 2mm pure palladium rod and Biberian heated it at 600 degrees C to be sure there was no deuterium left in the cathode.

Always separate experimental data from interpretation, Biberian was told by the Director of his lab years ago.

Ag107 was found 1 micron below the surface, which he says might be the region of active zone, but there was only a 3/100 increase of Ag 107 / Ag-109 which he found rather disappointing.

Biberian’s results are in agreement with John Dash’s work, and he concludes that Ag107 is produced, or formation of Pd-107 with a long half life is produced. Also, Biberian states that the reaction is a surface reaction one micrometer thick and happens only in hot spots.



Max Fomatchev-Zamilov presented Synthesis of Lanthanides on Nickel Anode and began by saying he would like to see a set of instructions for a reaction, and this is the inspiration for his work. He decided to reproduce an earlier experiment design from 1953 that would focus on neutrons, using an x-ray tube within a a housing of lead bricks and neutron counters on each side.

Counts using a nickel and titanium anode were statistically significant at better than 5% level and repeatable. But then he looked for systematic errors and after removing them, his statistical significance was removed too.

Sternglass was in error on this: neutrons were not synthesized, and lanthanides were not synthesized. However, Fomatchev says the experience allowed him to develop experience in SEM, EDS, precision neturon/gamma detection techniqes and he is ready to help you do analyses with his full lab equipment.



G. Lu and W Zhang were unable to attend, so the next speaker was Vladimir Vysottski, who filled in with a talk on biological transmutations, beginning with a nod to C.L. Kervan’s work on biological transmutation, which Vysottski does not want to separate from the general transmutation reactions with isotopes.

In their early research, Vysottski and Kornilova discovered that Mn55 + D2 = Fe57 + 15.6MeV.

A biological culture grows in D20 in 48 hours and a Mossbauer analysis is done. It is found that 10 ^-8 Fe57 are generated per second. 10 micrograms of Iron are created for 1 gram of dried biological culture.

Investigating a great number of different cultures, they get the same results.

The expectation that Cs133 + p = Ba134 was a later investigation. Sure enough, Cs decreased over time, and the Ba increased by 10^-6 per second.

Vysottski de-activated radioactive nuclear reactor water and saw a decrease in gamma activity over a period of 45 days, the duration of the experiment, and the increase of Ba138, indicating the decreasing presence of Cs137.



The next speaker A. Nkitin followed up on that theme with Impact of Effective Microorganisms on the Activity of 137 Cs in Soil from the Exclusion Zone of Chernobyl NPP.

Effective Microorganism (EM) has been globaly used for sustainable agriculture, animal husbandry and environmental conservation for 25 years. There are two forms of EM, liquid and solid.

In one experiment, Cs137 activity was decreased in the soil of a corn field treated with EM-1. In another experiment, soil in a column was treated repeated with EM causing a leaching and decrease of Cs137.

Then they investigated the effect of EM on the rate of radioactivity of Cs137. Contaminated soils were placed in 100-ml containers and mixed with EM1 or EM-bokashi and kept at room temperature. Periods of exposure were 6, 12, and 18 months with experiments repeated 15 times.

Varying levels of decrease in Cs137 activity were observed according to the parameters. Also, electromagnetic fields can accelerate this process.



After lunch, Yasuhiro Iwamura introduced Sveinn Olafsson of University of Iceland with What is Rydberg Matter and Ultra-Dense Hydrogen?Scientists Leif Holmlid was working with ultra dense Hydrogen 2.3 +/- 0.1 pm and Olafsson wanted to work with him.

Tunneling fusion rate is given by the Gomov probability of crossing the barrier times the attempt frequency. 0.2 eV bonding per state possible if d ~ 2.3 pm

Is Rydberg matter a frozen plasma state?

A laser is directed towards a cluster of dense hydrogen and the time of flight of the ejected particles (the time it takes to go a particular distance along a tube to a detector) measures how the cluster falls apart, which will be a function of the distance between atoms, too. A bond distance of 2.3 pm is found.

Olafsson has a nice Rydberg lab in Iceland with three different Rydberg matter cells. He will continue to work in this space with Holmlid and the next speaker, a PhD student at University of Iceland.

Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen spoke on Hydrogen Reactor for Rydberg Matter and Ultra Dense Hydrogen, a Replication of Leif Holmlid. Zeiner experimentally confirmed Holmlid with a tight replication, though it took 3 years!

Time of Flight was 180 micro seconds, too slow for Rydberg matter. Finally, he saw Rydberg matter at 20 microseconds.
He increased the length of the time of flight tube
With a length 236 cm, time of flight was 31 nanoseconds corresponding to 7.55 MeV. He then went down to time of flight of 14 nanoseconds and the ultra-dense deuterium signal was observed.

As I was dropping out of conscioussness due to lack of sleep, I had to exit and return to the dorm for a rest. I missed the last session of the day on Theory where Xing Zhong Li presented Resonant Surface Capture Model, J.-L. Paillet and A. Meulenberg presented On Highly Relativistic Deep Electrons, C. D. Stevenson and J. P. Davis spoke on Isotope Effects beyond the Electromagnetic Force: 1H and 2H in Palladium Exhibiting LENR, and V. Dubinko talked about Chemical and Nuclear Catalysis Mediated by the Energy Localization in Hydrogenated Crystals and Quasicrystals.

I made it back for the International Society of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science annual meeting where a new website was discussed, as well as changes in the organizational structure.

Ironically, two Cooks, Bob Cook and Norman Cook, are both leading special theory sessions Tuesday nite (right now!) and tomorrow Wednesday night. I had to skip the session tonite but I am about to hit the hay and get a good night’s rest for tomorrow’s heavy science download.

I can’t say enough how thrilling it is to be amongst such driven researchers who are working at the edge of what is known. The atmosphere is charged with hope and commitment. Here are some snapshots I took during the morning break. Can you see the excitement on their faces?!