What is Cold Fusion?


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Dr. Stanley Pons and Dr. Martin Fleischmann

Dr. Stanley Pons and Dr. Martin Fleischmann holding a cold fusion energy cell in 1989.

Cold fusion describes a form of energy generated when hydrogen interacts with various metals like nickel and palladium. Cold fusion is a field of condensed matter nuclear science CMNS, and is also called low-energy nuclear reactions LENR, lattice-assisted nuclear reactions LANR, nickel-hydrogen exothermic reactions Ni-H, and quantum fusion.

When hydrogen, the main element of water, is introduced to a small piece of the metal nickel or palladium, a reaction occurs that can create excess heat and transmutation products. Excess heat means more heat comes out of the system than went in to the system. LENR provides an ultra-clean source of energy that creates heat to make hot water and useful steam. Steam can turn a turbine to produce electricity.

Cold fusion devices can produce so much heat, it is more than can be accounted for by chemical means, and therefore must be generated by a nuclear source. But cold fusion is not like today’s dirty and dangerous nuclear power.

No radioactive materials are used in cold fusion. LANR occurs as the tiny protons, neutrons and electrons of hydrogen interact, releasing energy slowly, through heat and photons, without the dangerous radiation associated with conventional nuclear reactions, and cold fusion makes no radioactive waste.

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Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. On Earth, hydrogen is found in water. An energy source from hydrogen is clean, with no carbon-dioxide CO2 emissions. In LENR reactions, only tiny amounts of the hydrogen are consumed and the metal is recyclable when spent.

Transmutation occurs when one element is transformed, or transmuted, to another element. The creation of elements by transmutation has been the dream of alchemists for millenia. Now, new energy scientists are able to create new elements in their labs using LENR techniques. Research has shown that radioactive materials can be transmuted to benign elements, promising a path to ridding the planet of thousands of tons of radioactive waste.

water_02-640x300Cold fusion energy generators will not need to be connected to an electrical grid. Small and portable power units will provide energy on-demand in any location. When access to water means access to fuel, local communities will find new-found independence with control over their own energy choices. Hot, clean water provides a health revolution around the globe.

Offering a new energy economy based on green power from plentiful hydrogen, energy-dense LENR makes it economically-viable to recycle all waste and restore wilderness and waterways to pristine conditions, saving a planetary biosphere from extinction.

Hydrogen isotopes

Hydrogen isotopes: Protium, Deuterium, and Tritium

Accessing the energy of the nucleus of the atom, the central portion, the sweet-spot for human development and opportunity to grow and explore the universe with new engines providing long-term spacecraft power, with fuel virtually everywhere in the universe.

As a handful of independent labs from around the world bring two decades of research to fruition with commercial products, the global effort to bring cold fusion into physical reality marks the shift in our evolution as a species, the most revolutionary energy you’ve never heard of.

CBS 60 Mins episode Cold Fusion More than Junk Science April 2009

A comprehensive overview of the development in the field over the last two decades, What Happened to Cold Fusion? presented by Dr. Michael McKubre of SRI International
For all eight parts, go [here]


Potential Impacts of LENR Energy Generators by David J. Nagel — overview of new energy technology impacts. [download .pdf]

Cold Fusion and the Future by Jed Rothwell — a survey of effects of cold fusion technology and speculating on the service environment of a radically new energy technology. [download .pdf]

A Student’s Guide to Cold Fusion by Edmund Storms –a scientific survey of the field. [download .pdf]
Edmund Storms page here.

What is Cold Fusion and Why Should You Care? by Edmund Storms and Brian Scanlan [read]

Nuclear Basics for Understanding LENR by Ruby Carat –a primer on nuclear elements. [read]
Next-generation ERoEI [read]
Oil-to-Nickel: The Ecat Energy Equivalence [read]
Answering “Nine Critical Questions to Ask About Alternative Energy from Jed Rothwell” [read]
Rumplestiltskin Reaction [read]
I Want to Believe [read]

Cold Fusion ERoEI: 3000 to 1 [read]

Cold Fusion or Crash? Graphic: Post-Carbon Institute

Abundant Clean/Green Energy
Joseph Zawodny NASA Langley Research Center May 23, 2012
NASA Innovation YouTube channel [source]

Joseph Zawodny NASA Langley Research Center January 2012
NASA Technology Gateway [source]

Note that the Department of Energy refuses to acknowledge the existence of cold fusion/LENR/LANR, or quantum fusion.

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