Sent to U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu
The past few decades has demonstrated [through a lack of resolve and public cohesion] a failure to address the growing threat of Climate Change and Global Warming caused by the widespread use of the combustion process with fossil fuels. The international initiatives around the world to achieve an appropriate action strategy has been undermined by the relentless power plays of the corporate bodies related to combustible and nuclear fission fuels that provide the globe’s power and propulsion needs.
Via the complete transformation of a 50 year old “Dense Plasma Focus Device” [utilizing a fuel that with this fusion process, generates zero harmful radiation or other polluting elements], a compact, powerful and potentially inexpensive reactor plant can be rapidly developed that can be applied to all the world’s power and propulsion needs including vehicles on land, sea, air and space perhaps within a decade, with a united cohesive and urgent international project targeted for global survival.
The transformation of this device, into a stable and continuous operating fusion reactor, entails the extreme pressurization of the reactor [presently operating at an extreme vacuum], utilizes a unique hydrogen/boron fuel and compacts all components into a small package that can be delivered, ready for start-up, to any location around the globe or can be installed in any ship, aircraft or spacecraft as a replacement to an existing combustion or nuclear fission propulsion unit.
Conceptual Reactor Design:
The Dense Plasma focus device, if and when converted to a fusion reactor, will produce electric power directly via ion beam and electron beam decelerator units [working in tandem with high efficiency super-capacitors]. This important feature means that the traditional thermal systems incorporating steam plant or gas turbine plant are no longer relevant to power stations or vehicle propulsion plant that utilize this remarkable process.
Eric Lerner and his research team at Lawrenceville near Princeton have, for the past few years, experimented with substantial success, to convert the “Dense Plasma Focus Device” from a research tool to a continuous fusion reactor utilizing an aneutronic fuel comprising of hydrogen and boron and identified as “pB 11”.
The word “aneutronic” means that the fusion process, when applied to this fuel will produce an ion beam and a separate electron beam but will emit no neutrons within those beams thus ensuring almost zero radiation and minimizing any requirement for radiation shielding. There will be a limited amount of X rays in this fusion process for which Eric learner has patented a special decelerating device.
This research team is however committed to development utilizing [in line with all historical research with this device] with the entire system operating in an extreme vacuum and with most components physically isolated from each other.
The problem that I see with this strategy is that ion and electron beam densities will be very low, reactor systems will be relatively large and potential gain ratios [ output power/input power] will prove to be impractically modest.
For this reason and after contact with the Lerner team, I have decided to create a conceptual design that would operate at extreme pressure [at 50 atmospheres instead of at 0.05 atmospheres] in order to increase beam densities by a factor of at least 1000 and to obtain extremely powerful and compact reactor systems with the real potential of remarkable gain ratios.
Further, to increase the energy capture [of the high energy beams] within the ion beam and electron beam decelerator systems I have invented a system designed to maintain full pressure of the reactor and the generated energy beams whilst operating the decelerator units [within their chambers] at extreme vacuum.
For central power generation worldwide, all existing fossil fueled power generating plant and all existing nuclear [fission] power stations would be shut down [dissembled and decontaminated as possible] and would be replaced with powerful, compact, environmentally clean and low cost fusion reactors.
For new local community power stations, small fusion reactors, independent of or tied into a national grid system can be installed.
For all existing railway networks, that are not electrified, they would, where possible, be converted to electric systems or in rare cases [for transcontinental networks] the existing locomotives would be replaced with fusion powered locomotives.
For all existing road transportation vehicles, these would be converted to electric power via a new technology of the super-capacitor [also known as the ultra-capacitor] that incorporates dry cells comprising of compact bundles of parallel thin plates coated with a remarkable compound called Barium Titanate, The potential storage capacity, the power density and the number of deep power cycles that the unit can withstand [in the region of a million] makes this unit a game changer. Another emerging [and proven] technology is the Blacklight Power CIHT [Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition] unit that is now being scaled up for use primarily in road vehicles.
For marine applications [ocean-going, coastal and inland waterways] for commercial and naval vessels, the fusion reactor is again a clean, powerful and compact answer. The major naval vessels [nuclear aircraft carriers and nuclear submarines] would be converted to fusion units enabling the existing reactor plant and steam plant to be dissembled and decontaminated as far as is possible. Another option for these major vessels is to decommission them and build new ships as needed for the long term naval strategies!
This era would introduce vast fleets of global fast ferries [now removing the need to carry huge fuel inventories] carrying freight and passengers point to point across the world’s oceans at about 70 knots [almost 2000 miles in 24 hrs] so that you could travel in comfort and at leisure from anywhere to anywhere in less than 7 days.
For all commercial, private and military aircraft, a powerful and compact fusion reactor would power motor driven multi-stage fans [within conventional nacelles]. For the take-off phase, the motor driven unit would absorb most of the reactor output to generate the high thrust requirement, however during cruise at high altitude [low air density] an appreciable surplus of reactor power could activate electric heating elements located downstream of the multi-stage fan to increase the exhaust velocity of the propulsive air and increasing the unit’s efficiency at the cruise condition.
Similarly for supersonic transporters the transonic and mach 3 cruise phases could be efficiently achieved with activation of heating elements downstream of the multi-stage fan.
For spacecraft, take-off [from any airport] as a supersonic aircraft, would proceed through climb to altitude for the transonic phase and then acceleration and climb to mach 3 at 100,000 feet, before the fans and heaters are shutdown and the powerful ion beam [being generated in the fusion reactor] is routed through a deactivated ion beam decelerator, and on to an ion beam propulsion nozzle [ propelling the spacecraft]. Under this phase of operation, the reactor input energy will be drawn from the electron beam decelerator unit and any surplus electrical power could be routed to the iron beam propulsion nozzle for further processing [augmenting] the energy of the propulsive ion beam.
Every airport, every seaport, every power station and every city would be provided with a pB11 [hydrogen/boron fuel] production and storage facility where a thoroughly refined, stable and totally uncontaminated fuel can be produced, stored, handled, monitored and delivered to all the fusion plants [in vehicles or power stations].
For this concept to evolve thru the feasibility and initial prototype phases, it will definitely encounter discoveries, problems, depressing hurdles and will require relentless resolve that, with international co-operation, funding and committed project control, will deliver to mankind the enlightenment and technology needed for our grandchildren to survive and prosper.
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