Edmund Storms’ The Explanation of LENR available for Kindle

Edmund StormsThe Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction is now available in a Kindle version.

Get The Explanation of LENR on Kindle here.

The ebook includes a new Appendix that answers the questions readers have posed to Dr. Storms since the book’s release in July, and contains a further description of hydroton formation.

There is also a newly formatted References section.

Those who already purchased The Explanation of LENR can download the newly added Appendix and References here:

Appendix.pdf
References.pdf

Print copies can be purchased from Infinite Energy Press here.

For more information, go to the books website at http://lenrexplained.com/

New graphic from updated version of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction depicting resonating hydrogen nuclei upon approach
New graphic from updated version of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction depicting resonating hydrogen nuclei upon approach in region where photon emission occurs.

“The Explanation of LENR” book review by Nikita Alexandrov

Book Review of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction by Nikita Alexandrov, President of Permanetix Corporation, was originally published in Infinite Energy Magazine issue #117 September/October 2014 and is reproduced here.


Dr. Edmund Storms, one of the foremost experts in cold fusion/LENR research has recently published a new book titled The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: An Examination of the Relationship Between Observation and Explanation. Dr. Storms worked at Los Alamos labs for 34 years studying energy related chemistry, specifically advanced nuclear projects. This book is currently the most up-to-date compilation of LENR research and contains over 900 references, but is written in such a way that it is organized and conducive to a well rounded understanding.

According to the preface by Dr. Mike McKubre of Stanford Research Institute, “There is no better synthesis of knowledge and understanding presently available to us and I know of no other person capable of making an evaluation at this level.” While this could be considered a reference material for experimental results, it differs from Dr. Storms’ previous books in that it introduces his theory of the mechanism behind the LENR effect, an oscillating linear cluster of two or more hydrogen or deuterium atoms called the Hydroton.

Front-cover-300ppi-200x298The first half of the book contains a wealth of knowledge regarding the experimental results obtained in the field. This includes the physics of the various experimental systems as well as an overview of instrumentation and general trends in the collective data. There are a large amount of pictures and graphs which really help to mentally process some of the complex relationships in the data. This section of the book is critical for anyone interested in LENR because it organizes and condenses the experimental procedures and results in a way which makes the huge amount of seemingly contradictory research much simpler to understand.

Dr. Storms takes a first-principles approach and imposes certain limits on the parameters of LENR theory based on what has been observed and basic chemical and physical principles. The experimental techniques used in the field are explained as well as the limitations and some reasons all of the facets of the LENR effect have eluded researchers. An overview of the physics of radiation from various nuclear reactions which may be present is very helpful in explaining the odd experimental results of the field. It is proposed that only a few types of radiation are produced directly from the LENR reaction but secondary radiation is produced from either the interaction of radiation with other matter in the system, traditional nuclear effects such as fractofusion (example: Ti-D experiments) or combination fusion-fission reactions (very unique part of the Hydroton theory). Dr. Storms goes into detail about how he believes various triggering methods initiate or improve the production of the LENR effect.

Hydroton-vertical-chain-137x800Dr. Storms’ theory revolves around a linear oscillating cluster of two or more hydrogen or deuterium atoms called a Hydroton. Under certain conditions this structure forms in the nano-cracks of metallic substrates. This differs significantly from the early theories of LENR in that it does not take place in the metallic lattice. Many theories are based on the fact that hydrogen or deuterium loaded into a metallic lattice inherently become pushed very close together, a shortcut towards fusion. These same theories require that the nuclear energy be communicated directly from the nucleus to the electrons (lattice) which is not unheard of but is not a traditional nuclear pathway and requires a complex explanation. Dr. Storms examines the lattice vs. nano-crack argument from a chemical, thermodynamic and transport standpoint, pulling from what we know of nuclear product production in LENR and the physics and chemistry of hydride/deuteride systems.

Dr. Storms insists that it is simply not possible to both produce fusion and dissipate the energy inside of a lattice. His model does not rely on energy dissipation via the lattice but through a steady release of bursts of low energy photons as the Hydroton oscillates and fusion occurs. Another significant difference compared to most theories is that it explains the different results obtained using deuterium vs. using hydrogen via two different mechanisms. This is important because many early theories only focused on deuterium fusion ignoring hydrogen all together, but modern experiments show that hydrogen does indeed participate in the LENR effect.

Lastly, Dr. Storms explains the various methods of producing transmutation products, either via a fusion-fission reaction of a hydrogen containing Hydroton or by the substrate atoms becoming part of the Hydroton in deuterium containing Hydrotons. The mechanism producing tritium and helium is explained in detail as well, but will not be explained here. Dr. Storms’ theory explains all known aspects of LENR in a very new way, not requiring the limitations of the mechanism taking place directly in the substrate lattice.

This theory is testable in various manners. Dr. Storms makes some suggestions in the book including the confirmation of predicted transmutation products as well as the detection of soft radiation such as low energy photons, betas, alphas and energetic ions. Dr. Storms points out that the reason radiation is not often detected is that the expected types and energies of radiation can simply not be detected outside of the experiment, requiring in-situ soft radiation detectors. So far it seems that experimental results line up with Dr. Storms’ theory but since his theory was built around this data it is important that future experiments be compared to what is expected using his model. Single or multiple deuterium addition to the substrate in deuterium containing Hydrotons, or fusion-fission products in hydrogen containing Hydrotons, would be expected and a good place to examine the theory experimentally.

Overall this is an excellent theory which can make some predictions; it will not allow us a complete mastery of LENR but is a large step in the right direction. Most of Dr. Storms’ theory is based on traditional physics and chemistry but there are certain aspects which are not fully understood, specifically how a Hydroton releases controlled bursts of photons at very low energies before the completion of the fusion process. This is the sticking point of LENR theory—it is not so hard to explain how two atoms fuse, but how they release their huge amount of energy without creating standard hot fusion products and detectable radiation as well as destroying the lattice local where the event took place.

By investigating experimental results and applying his physics and chemistry understanding, Dr. Storms is able to produce some basic equations which explain the power produced by LENR systems and show optimal operating conditions. Like everything else Dr. Storms produces, these equations are created using first principles and basic science; a Ph.D. is not required to wrap your head around this book as well as his theory in general.

Dr. Storms’ book contains a chapter of modern theories of LENR including limitations and possible shortcomings. This inventory of theories is great because it provides an excellent balanced overview of the field from a theoretical standpoint. This combined with the overview of the field from an experimental standpoint makes this the best reference book in the field of LENR. This book is highly recommended for anyone from the student interested in learning about LENR for the first time to highly trained scientists working in the field of LENR. There will be no disappointment in the level of detail and with over 900 references it provides an incredibly organized wealth of information regarding LENR experiments and theory.

The final chapter “Future of LENR” provides a road-map forward, listing the requirements for mastering the LENR effect as well as what needs to be done experimentally to get there. One thing the book does not mention is that Dr. Storms is ready and willing to put his LENR skill-set and understanding to the ultimate test—along with other researchers Dr. Storms has proposed an experimental research program to further the understanding of LENR. Dr. Storms is currently in the process of raising money for this research program and at millions of dollars per year, this could be the Manhattan project of LENR. The only thing standing between mankind and a guaranteed increased understanding of LENR is research funding and public awareness. I urge anyone interested in LENR to inform others about this book and the field in general and those which are financially independent to contact Dr. Storms about his research proposal. — Nikita Alexandrov, Permanetix Corporation

Read the original article published on Infinite Energy.

Related Links

The Explanation of LENR Homepage http://lenrexplained.com/

Nikita Alexandrov Advanced analytic and highly parallel Cold Fusion Experimentation [.pdf] presented at the 2014 CF/LANR Colloquium at MIT.

Edmund Storms’ “The Explanation of LENR” provides “physical science based model”

Graphic: Artist rendition by Ruby Carat of Edmund Storms’ hydroton structure just before fusion.

Front-cover-300ppi-420x626A new book by Edmund Storms reviews the top contenders for the scientific prize of the century, the theory of cold fusion, and analyzes the assumptions on which each different model rests with the critical glare of the scientific method.

The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: An Examination of the Relationship between Observation and Explanation published by Infinite Energy Press, juxtaposes today’s theories with the observed laboratory results, and applies the basic laws of physical nature and materials science to the metallic host of the reaction.

Unsatisfied that the current explanations of cold fusion do not address the wide variety of data, and require unsupportable assumptions, Dr. Storms then offers another idea – how to initiate the reaction, essentially describing the nuclear active environment (NAE), the set of necessary and sufficient conditions needed for the reaction to occur.

Where does the reaction occur?

This is a contentious issue, as researchers in the field still do not agree on where the reaction actually occurs. Storms believes it occurs outside the chemical structure of the host metallic lattice in tiny nano-cracks that trap hydrogen nuclei and electrons in an unusual configuration. When the hydroton resonates, a form of fusion occurs whereby the mass is transformed to heat energy in smaller portions, and photons are released along the axis of the column of hydrogen. Make the right-sized space, fill it with hydrogen, apply resonance, and the reaction will happen straightaway.

His recipe was constructed from the grass roots of science – lab measurements collected over twenty-five years by a global community. In those years, Storms has conducted multiple surveys of the field, as both a Los Alamos National Lab nuclear chemist, and an independent researcher, giving him a broad familiarity with the observations.

In the book’s Foreword, Dr. Michael McKubre (SRI) writes: “The opportunity to learn directly from the most knowledgeable person in arguably the most important emerging field, and to share his concise and well considered condensation of a difficult and scattered literature, are not the only or primary reasons to comprehend The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction. Laid out clearly and gently in Chapter 5, ‘Description of an Explanation,’ is the first physical science based description of a potential explanation for cold fusion.”

Different model for every lab

While cold fusion has been an experimental fact for two-and-a-half decades, a generally accepted theory has eluded scientists, and it hasn’t helped that the laboratory phenomenon of cold fusion is in complete disagreement with conventional nuclear theory. That, and the ragged history of reproducibility (now ended), has revealed a completely new frontier in condensed matter nuclear science (CMNS): the apparent creation of fusion-sized heat and other transmutation elements in and around metallic solids like palladium and nickel, among other materials.

It means a source of ultra-clean energy, super dense and long-lasting, decentralized and off-grid. With a virtually limitless supply of fuel from hydrogen, it means a second chance for a green technological future for the planet. As all systems re-tool to accommodate the new energy technology, it means a new economy as well. The tiny reactors are now being engineered for consumer devices, yet the pace is slow.

Each lab with a working generator follows a different model of the reaction. JET Energy has the NANOR device, engineered by Dr. Mitchell Swartz in association with theorist Dr. Peter Hagelstein of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Brillouin Hot Tube is based on engineer Robert Godes‘ Quantum Fusion Theorem. Andrea Rossi‘s E-Cat was developed with the thinking that nickel-to-copper transmutations as described by Sergio Focardi provided the powerful thermal output. In Japan, Technova, Inc is associated with theorist Dr. Akito Takahashi of Kobe University, and the list goes on.

All these models have gone through revisions as new ideas arrive. Still, none of the proposed explanations have fostered the winning coup of both control of the generator and a commercially-viable energy output. Only a complete theory will describe how to maximize the potential of this reaction and point to an optimally engineered technology.

Soliciting wider participation to find a solution

From the book’s website http://lenrexplained.com/:

The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: An Examination of the Relationship between Observation and Explanation attempts to bridge the gap between what is thought to be true and possible by conventional scientists and what is claimed by people advocating the reality of the cold fusion phenomenon.”

“Hopefully, the approach used in the book will help more people understand how cold fusion might function as a real phenomenon and will show how the phenomenon is now too important as a potential source of ideal clean energy for rejection to continue,” writes Storms.

Cold Fusion Now’s Ruby Carat helped to edit the book and rocked the cover with an artist’s representation of the hydroton.

IEPressLogo-200x57The 351-page book includes over 900 references to relevant literature and begins shipping today.

Order a copy of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction from Infinite Energy Press here.

Read an interview with author Edmund Storms conducted by Christy Frazier of Infinite Energy Magazine here.

Edmund Storms: At peak efficiency “no other source of power will be necessary”

John Maguire, a writer for J.C.M., interviews Dr. Edmund Storms, author of The Science of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: A Comprehensive Compilation of Evidence and Explanations about Cold Fusion.

Storms discusses his early career at Los Alamos National Lab, and how in 1989, his team there got positive results, confirming the nuclear nature of the phenomenon. A brief primer on the early successes moves into a discussion on struggle to understand the science behind this reaction, and on efforts to commercialize this technology despite the lack of a definitive theory.

Storms talks about why this technology is so important to develop, and examines how the lack of a definitive, agreed upon theory slows the commercialization from this discovery.

“We have succeeded over the last twenty-four years in proving the effect is real, that the claims are not based upon incompetence, fraud, or error, they are based upon a true behavior of nature,” says Storms.

“Now the challenge is to make this happen at commercial levels, make it reproducible, because presently it is difficult to reproduce – not impossible – but difficult; it takes great skill, and it has to be produced at a rate with high enough power to be useful as a commercial application, and that aspect of it is presently underway by several companies.”

“Once the phenomenon is understood, and can be manipulated at will, then engineering will be applied to make it totally and most efficient. We haven’t reached that stage yet.”

“The efforts underway to make commercial power using nickel and light-hydrogen by Rossi and Defkalion are trying to improve the engineering, to improve the efficiency, but even they haven’t come close to the efficiency that will be possible.”

“Once this [reaction] is understood, the efficiency will be 100%.”

“In other words, these devices will make energy simply by sitting there. You’ll have to apply hydrogen, and you turn them off by taking the hydrogen away, you turn them on by putting more hydrogen in; no other source of power will be necessary.”

“We’ll have a source of power that will stay hot for years and years, or until you turn it off by pumping out the hydrogen.”

Asked why so many still ignore or belittle the science, given the huge benefits of clean, dense, power, Storms says this environment will continue because “This phenomenon will be immensely disruptive.”

“It’s a conflict of self-interest. Those people who are naturally threatened by it, will fight it. It’s a very large threat, and it’s a very large fight.”

Listen to the interview Dr. Edmund Storms: Cold Fusion, Nuclear Active Environments, and New Energy on Foks0904 Channel.

John Maguire also contributes essays on alternative energies to Blue Science.