Current Science 108 features Special Section: Cold Fusion

Cover of Current Science 108
Current issue of Current Science; forthcoming issue has Special Section: Cold Fusion
CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 108, 2015 issued in January features a Special Section: Cold Fusion, publishing papers from a wide group of scientists probing both experimental and theoretical results in the field of condensed matter nuclear science.

Current Science is a science journal based in India and Edited by R. Srinivasan of the Indian Institute of Science. India had a large number of people investigating the Fleischmann-Pons Effect early on, including Mahadeva Srinivasan and the team at Babha Atomic Research Center (BARC). But difficulties in reproducing the effect proved too much. Today, there is no support for research by official agencies in India.

In the online Special Section on Low Energy Nuclear Reaction, uncorrected proofs of featured articles awaiting publication in the next print issue of Current Science are available:

http://www.currentscience.ac.in/cs/php/fcarticles.php

Edmund Storms
Edmund Storms’ The Science of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction – the source for observational results.
Dr. Michael McKubre, the Director of Energy Research at SRI International in Menlo Park, California, introduces the set of papers with Cold fusion: comments on the state of scientific proof [.pdf], which discredits the quick condemnation of early scientific claims, and demands that critics look at an unprecedented body of work generated over the last two-and-a-half decades that challenges what we know about nuclear reactions.

There is also a lesson for students of cold fusion:

How does one proceed as a thoughtful intelligent person
simply wanting ‘to know the truth (see note 4)’, but
not having years to devote to experimental studies or
literature review? I would suggest beginning with Storms’
books as resources to identify sub-topic areas of personal
interest and pointers to primary sources for further
study. Obviously, I have neither the time, patience nor
space to emulate Storms’ efforts here. I restrict attention
to the conclusions arrived at ‘long ago’ in the deluge of
information achieved hurriedly in the biblical 40 days and
40 nights leading up to the 1 May 1989 APS meeting.
The conclusion and ‘voted consensus’, that Fleischmann
and Pons had made fundamental errors and elementary
mistakes, was itself premature and in error. This leaves
wide open the possibility that our free-space view of
nuclear physics requires extension in potentially interesting
directions.

Professor Peter Hagelstein and Dr. Mitchell Swartz created the IAP MIT short course Cold Fusion 101 which ran Jan. 21-24, 2015 from the campus of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Jeremy Rys has attended the lectures since they began three years ago, and this year, Livestreamed from his laptop in the front row. Along with Gayle Verner, they contributed Summary report: ‘Introduction to Cold Fusion’ – IAP course at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA [.pdf].

From the Introduction:

WHILE the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT),
USA, officials still reportedly do not recognize cold
fusion or its viability, the fact that it has entered the academic
domain, albeit through the less-structured IAP
agenda, is certainly noteworthy, both for those scientists
working for its public acknowledgement and for the
appearance of a place to go and get an education in
this field. Twenty-five years later, one can now walk into
an MIT classroom, listen to an academic lecture on the
subject, and learn that the phenomenon is real and reproducible.

For an article entitled Condensed matter nuclear reaction products observed in Pd/D co-deposition experiments, authors include P. A. Mosier-Boss, L. P. Forsley, F. E. Gordon, D. Letts, D.Cravens, M. H. Miles, M. Swartz, J. Dash, F. Tanzella, P. Hagelstein, M. McKubre and J. Bao.

Descriptions of the various types of cells used by these veteran experimentalists showed a strong effect from the co-deposition method, first applied to cold fusion by Navy electro-chemist Dr. Stan Szpak, and created one of the more easily reproducible types of cells available.

From the conclusion of the paper:

… several researchers have used Pd/D codeposition
to investigate the phenomenon of condensed
matter nuclear reactions within a Pd lattice. The emphasis
of many of these investigations has been on heat production.
In these particular experiments, excess heat has been
measured using different variations of co-deposition as
well as different kinds of calorimeters, both open and
closed. In addition to heat, other reaction products that
have been observed include new elements, tritium, energetic
particles and neutrons.

Contents of Special Section: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions
(which may be different from the print publication)

Cold fusion: comments on the state of scientific proof
Michael C. H. McKubre

Selective resonant tunnelling – turn the hydrogen-storage material into energetic material
C. L. Liang, Z. M. Dong and X. Z. Li

Highly reproducible LENR experiments using dual laser stimulation
Dennis Letts

Condensed matter nuclear reaction products observed in Pd/D co-deposition experiments
P. A. Mosier-Boss, L. P. Forsley, F. E. Gordon, D. Letts, D. Cravens, M. H. Miles, M. Swartz, J. Dash, F. Tanzella, P. Hagelstein, M. McKubre and J. Bao

Use of CR-39 detectors to determine the branching ratio in Pd/D co-deposition
P. A. Mosier-Boss, L. P. G. Forsley, A. S. Roussetski, A. G. Lipson, F. Tanzella, E. I. Saunin, M. McKubre, B. Earle and D. Zhou

Observation and investigation of anomalous X-ray and thermal effects of cavitation
V. I. Vysotskii, A. A. Kornilova and A. O. Vasilenko

Transmutation reactions induced by deuterium permeation through nano-structured palladium multilayer thin film
Yasuhiro Iwamura, Takehiko Itoh and Shigenori Tsuruga

Biological transmutations
Jean-Paul Biberia

Microbial transmutation of Cs-137 and LENR in growing biological systems
V. I. Vysotskii and A. A. Kornilova

Energy gains from lattice-enabled nuclear reactions
David J. Nagel

Summary report: ‘Introduction to Cold Fusion’ – IAP course at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Gayle Verner, Mitchell Swartz1 and Peter Hagelstein
Condensed matter nuclear science research status in China
Z. M. Dong, C. L. Liang and X. Z. Li

GlobalBEM PULSE #3: “We ourselves are the biggest obstacle to breakthrough”

PULSE-3-coverThe Global Breakthrough Energy Movement is a collective of artists, activists, and technologists creating events and forums for new energy researchers in order to power a revolution in human living arrangements, and they have published another edition of their flagship magazine.

PULSE presents science and technology in the field of breakthrough energy. The gorgeous PULSE #3 is a sensory banquet of full-page, beautifully-printed art, and has articles on topics such as The Agonizingly Long Wait for Breakthrough of Breakthrough Energy by Fred Teunisson, who laments the lack of progress in commercial development of new energy technology, and ultimately takes a hard look in the mirror for why.

This issue also features an article on The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction by Dr. Edmund Storms, a book that compares the observational data from cold fusion experiments with the many theories of LENR. Cold Fusion Now’s Ruby Carat was one of the editors of the book and designed the front cover hydroton.

Subscribe to PULSE and support the work of GlobalBEM.

Read articles in PULSE #3 like:

Two possible propellantless or reactionless (space) drives … or not? … page 6

The agonizingly long wait for the breakthrough of Breakthrough Energy … page 12

Scientific proof of a potential alternative energy source dating back 2,5000 years … page 15

Truth and reality in the 21st century – or why GlobalBEM should create her own reality … page 10

Thunderclap Campaign – Energy Revolution! … page 21

An interview with New Earth Nation founder Sacha Stone … page 24

The Secret Space Programme 2014 … page 34
Secret Space Program and Breakaway Civilization Conference 2014 Review … page 36
Secret Space Program Conference and Laura Eisenhower … page 38

New book in German discusses zero-point energy.
New book in German discusses zero-point energy.
Free energy for all humans … page 40

Hemp, the controversial plant – hemp, the graphene contender … page 42

See a free peek inside PULSE #3 online!

Or, help to make forums and conferences for breakthrough energy science and technology researchers.

Subscribe to PULSE!

It just might be that the discovery of vacuum energy as a limitless energy source, is to be synchronized with a spiritual renaissance for all of humanity
Moray B. King from PULSE #3

Edmund Storms’ The Explanation of LENR available for Kindle

Edmund StormsThe Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction is now available in a Kindle version.

Get The Explanation of LENR on Kindle here.

The ebook includes a new Appendix that answers the questions readers have posed to Dr. Storms since the book’s release in July, and contains a further description of hydroton formation.

There is also a newly formatted References section.

Those who already purchased The Explanation of LENR can download the newly added Appendix and References here:

Appendix.pdf
References.pdf

Print copies can be purchased from Infinite Energy Press here.

For more information, go to the books website at http://lenrexplained.com/

New graphic from updated version of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction depicting resonating hydrogen nuclei upon approach
New graphic from updated version of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction depicting resonating hydrogen nuclei upon approach in region where photon emission occurs.

“One of the greatest contributions made to science”

Portrait of Martin Fleischmann by Winston August 2012

Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #117 highlights the new book Developments in Electrochemistry Science Inspired by Martin Fleischmann with the chapter on cold fusion written by veteran Navy scientist Melvin Miles and Michael McKubre, Director Energy Research Lab at SRI International, both of whom collaborated with Martin Fleischmann on cold fusion research for over a decade.

Read the original article here.

Science-Inspired-200x287New Book Honors Scientific Legacy of Fleischmann
by Christy L. Frazier

A new book honoring the scientific legacy of the late Prof. Martin Fleischmann has just been published by John Wiley & Sons. Developments in Electrochemistry: Science Inspired by Martin Fleischmann is edited by Derek Pletcher, Zhong-Qun Tian and David E. Williams, with 19 chapters (including the Introduction) about electrochemistry-related science written by electrochemists. Infinite Energy readers will be particularly interested in the chapter written by Melvin Miles and Michael McKubre, “Cold Fusion After a Quarter-Century: The Pd/D System.” Miles notes that he was picked as the cold fusion author and asked McKubre to assist him. He said he may have been chosen because he is “the only one other than Stan Pons who has written papers with Martin Fleischmann about calorimetry and the palladium-deuterium system.” Miles co-authored a number of papers during the last part of Fleischmann’s career.

Wiley’s website describes the book as “neither a biography nor a history” of Fleischmann’s contributions but rather a “series of critical reviews of topics in electrochemical science associated with Martin Fleischmann but remaining important today.” The chapters begin with an outline of Fleischmann’s contribution to the topic, followed by examples of research, established applications and prospects for future developments.

Editor Derek Pletcher worked with Fleischmann for 15 years at the University of Southampton. The book project was initiated because, “We believe Martin to have been a leading international scientist with very broad interests and a very warm personality and that we had benefitted greatly from our association with him (this includes some who were/are strongly anti cold fusion). We were therefore seeking a way to honor his memory and this became the book.”

The editors’ introduction, “Martin Fleischmann: The Scientist and the Person,” highlights great respect for Fleischmann’s approach to science and forward-thinking skill. They write: “Often his ideas were ahead of the ability of equipment to carry out the experiments, and it was only a few years later that the ideas came to fruition and it became possible to obtain high-quality experimental data.”

One of the editors, David Williams, was on the team at Harwell Atomic Energy Laboratory that purported to have negative results in replicating the cold fusion effect in 1989. Yet, in the Introduction the basic story of cold fusion is laid out and Fleischmann’s willingness to the end of his life in August 2012 to “defend the underlying concepts as well as his experiments” is recorded. They conclude, “It is inevitable and appropriate that this book contains a chapter on cold fusion that takes a positive view.”

McKubre appreciates the editors’ willingness to include what became a major part of Fleischmann’s scientific legacy. He said of the book, “This was a first class endeavor. I am very happy that it was done, and that cold fusion was included. At the end of Julian Schwinger’s life they rewrote his biography and reedited his bibliography to exclude mention of cold fusion. It is great to see that the electrochemistry community is not as narrowminded as the nuclear physics community seemed to be.”

The cold fusion chapter by Miles and McKubre focuses on “the multithreshold materials constraints that prevented easy reproducibility” of the Fleischmann-Pons (F-P) heat effect and the “brilliant, but largely not understood, implementation” of the F-P calorimeter. They note that some will believe that cold fusion “represents Martin Fleischmann’s greatest scientific failure.” They argue that the work may instead be one of the greatest contributions that Fleischmann made to science, noting that “few would have had the vision to see such a possibility, the courage to pursue it and the skill to test it” and that the F-P heat effect “is the sort of invention that only a man of Fleischmann’s knowledge, genius, confidence and courage was capable of making.”

Miles and McKubre conclude that “the future of Fleischmann’s dream must be practical, and therefore the heat effects must be cheaper, easier and of much larger scale and gain.” Future experiments are likely to utilize small-dimension materials including metals other than palladium in high-temperature.

Other chapters in the book include: A Critical Review of the Methods Available for Quantitative Evaluation of Electrode Kinetics at Stationary Macrodisk Electrodes; Electrocrystallization: Modeling and Its Application; Nucleation and Growth of New Phases on Electrode Surfaces; Organic Electrosynthesis; Electrochemical Engineering and Cell Design; Electrochemical Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy; Applications of Electrochemical Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy; In-Situ Scanning Probe Microscopies; In-Situ Infrared Spectroelectrochemical Studies of the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction; Electrochemical Noise: A Powerful General Tool; From Microelectrodes to Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy; In-Situ X-Ray Diffraction of Electrode Surface Structure; Tribocorrosion; Hard Science at Soft Interfaces; Electrochemistry in Unusual Fluids; Aspects of Light-Driven Water Splitting; Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy.

Developments in Electrochemistry: Science Inspired by Martin Fleischmann is available in hardcover ($115) and e-book format ($92.99) from the publisher at http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1118694430.html, and is also available on Amazon. According to editor Derek Pletcher, proceeds from sales will be used to fund a Biannual Fleischmann Lecture at the Annual Conference of the Electrochemistry Group of the Royal Society of Chemistry.

Related Links

“Science Inspired by Martin Fleischmann”

Martin Fleischmann in 10 minutes

“The Explanation of LENR” book review by Nikita Alexandrov

Book Review of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction by Nikita Alexandrov, President of Permanetix Corporation, was originally published in Infinite Energy Magazine issue #117 September/October 2014 and is reproduced here.


Dr. Edmund Storms, one of the foremost experts in cold fusion/LENR research has recently published a new book titled The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: An Examination of the Relationship Between Observation and Explanation. Dr. Storms worked at Los Alamos labs for 34 years studying energy related chemistry, specifically advanced nuclear projects. This book is currently the most up-to-date compilation of LENR research and contains over 900 references, but is written in such a way that it is organized and conducive to a well rounded understanding.

According to the preface by Dr. Mike McKubre of Stanford Research Institute, “There is no better synthesis of knowledge and understanding presently available to us and I know of no other person capable of making an evaluation at this level.” While this could be considered a reference material for experimental results, it differs from Dr. Storms’ previous books in that it introduces his theory of the mechanism behind the LENR effect, an oscillating linear cluster of two or more hydrogen or deuterium atoms called the Hydroton.

Front-cover-300ppi-200x298The first half of the book contains a wealth of knowledge regarding the experimental results obtained in the field. This includes the physics of the various experimental systems as well as an overview of instrumentation and general trends in the collective data. There are a large amount of pictures and graphs which really help to mentally process some of the complex relationships in the data. This section of the book is critical for anyone interested in LENR because it organizes and condenses the experimental procedures and results in a way which makes the huge amount of seemingly contradictory research much simpler to understand.

Dr. Storms takes a first-principles approach and imposes certain limits on the parameters of LENR theory based on what has been observed and basic chemical and physical principles. The experimental techniques used in the field are explained as well as the limitations and some reasons all of the facets of the LENR effect have eluded researchers. An overview of the physics of radiation from various nuclear reactions which may be present is very helpful in explaining the odd experimental results of the field. It is proposed that only a few types of radiation are produced directly from the LENR reaction but secondary radiation is produced from either the interaction of radiation with other matter in the system, traditional nuclear effects such as fractofusion (example: Ti-D experiments) or combination fusion-fission reactions (very unique part of the Hydroton theory). Dr. Storms goes into detail about how he believes various triggering methods initiate or improve the production of the LENR effect.

Hydroton-vertical-chain-137x800Dr. Storms’ theory revolves around a linear oscillating cluster of two or more hydrogen or deuterium atoms called a Hydroton. Under certain conditions this structure forms in the nano-cracks of metallic substrates. This differs significantly from the early theories of LENR in that it does not take place in the metallic lattice. Many theories are based on the fact that hydrogen or deuterium loaded into a metallic lattice inherently become pushed very close together, a shortcut towards fusion. These same theories require that the nuclear energy be communicated directly from the nucleus to the electrons (lattice) which is not unheard of but is not a traditional nuclear pathway and requires a complex explanation. Dr. Storms examines the lattice vs. nano-crack argument from a chemical, thermodynamic and transport standpoint, pulling from what we know of nuclear product production in LENR and the physics and chemistry of hydride/deuteride systems.

Dr. Storms insists that it is simply not possible to both produce fusion and dissipate the energy inside of a lattice. His model does not rely on energy dissipation via the lattice but through a steady release of bursts of low energy photons as the Hydroton oscillates and fusion occurs. Another significant difference compared to most theories is that it explains the different results obtained using deuterium vs. using hydrogen via two different mechanisms. This is important because many early theories only focused on deuterium fusion ignoring hydrogen all together, but modern experiments show that hydrogen does indeed participate in the LENR effect.

Lastly, Dr. Storms explains the various methods of producing transmutation products, either via a fusion-fission reaction of a hydrogen containing Hydroton or by the substrate atoms becoming part of the Hydroton in deuterium containing Hydrotons. The mechanism producing tritium and helium is explained in detail as well, but will not be explained here. Dr. Storms’ theory explains all known aspects of LENR in a very new way, not requiring the limitations of the mechanism taking place directly in the substrate lattice.

This theory is testable in various manners. Dr. Storms makes some suggestions in the book including the confirmation of predicted transmutation products as well as the detection of soft radiation such as low energy photons, betas, alphas and energetic ions. Dr. Storms points out that the reason radiation is not often detected is that the expected types and energies of radiation can simply not be detected outside of the experiment, requiring in-situ soft radiation detectors. So far it seems that experimental results line up with Dr. Storms’ theory but since his theory was built around this data it is important that future experiments be compared to what is expected using his model. Single or multiple deuterium addition to the substrate in deuterium containing Hydrotons, or fusion-fission products in hydrogen containing Hydrotons, would be expected and a good place to examine the theory experimentally.

Overall this is an excellent theory which can make some predictions; it will not allow us a complete mastery of LENR but is a large step in the right direction. Most of Dr. Storms’ theory is based on traditional physics and chemistry but there are certain aspects which are not fully understood, specifically how a Hydroton releases controlled bursts of photons at very low energies before the completion of the fusion process. This is the sticking point of LENR theory—it is not so hard to explain how two atoms fuse, but how they release their huge amount of energy without creating standard hot fusion products and detectable radiation as well as destroying the lattice local where the event took place.

By investigating experimental results and applying his physics and chemistry understanding, Dr. Storms is able to produce some basic equations which explain the power produced by LENR systems and show optimal operating conditions. Like everything else Dr. Storms produces, these equations are created using first principles and basic science; a Ph.D. is not required to wrap your head around this book as well as his theory in general.

Dr. Storms’ book contains a chapter of modern theories of LENR including limitations and possible shortcomings. This inventory of theories is great because it provides an excellent balanced overview of the field from a theoretical standpoint. This combined with the overview of the field from an experimental standpoint makes this the best reference book in the field of LENR. This book is highly recommended for anyone from the student interested in learning about LENR for the first time to highly trained scientists working in the field of LENR. There will be no disappointment in the level of detail and with over 900 references it provides an incredibly organized wealth of information regarding LENR experiments and theory.

The final chapter “Future of LENR” provides a road-map forward, listing the requirements for mastering the LENR effect as well as what needs to be done experimentally to get there. One thing the book does not mention is that Dr. Storms is ready and willing to put his LENR skill-set and understanding to the ultimate test—along with other researchers Dr. Storms has proposed an experimental research program to further the understanding of LENR. Dr. Storms is currently in the process of raising money for this research program and at millions of dollars per year, this could be the Manhattan project of LENR. The only thing standing between mankind and a guaranteed increased understanding of LENR is research funding and public awareness. I urge anyone interested in LENR to inform others about this book and the field in general and those which are financially independent to contact Dr. Storms about his research proposal. — Nikita Alexandrov, Permanetix Corporation

Read the original article published on Infinite Energy.

Related Links

The Explanation of LENR Homepage http://lenrexplained.com/

Nikita Alexandrov Advanced analytic and highly parallel Cold Fusion Experimentation [.pdf] presented at the 2014 CF/LANR Colloquium at MIT.