“The Explanation of LENR” book review by Nikita Alexandrov

Book Review of The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction by Nikita Alexandrov, President of Permanetix Corporation, was originally published in Infinite Energy Magazine issue #117 September/October 2014 and is reproduced here.

Dr. Edmund Storms, one of the foremost experts in cold fusion/LENR research has recently published a new book titled The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: An Examination of the Relationship Between Observation and Explanation. Dr. Storms worked at Los Alamos labs for 34 years studying energy related chemistry, specifically advanced nuclear projects. This book is currently the most up-to-date compilation of LENR research and contains over 900 references, but is written in such a way that it is organized and conducive to a well rounded understanding.

According to the preface by Dr. Mike McKubre of Stanford Research Institute, “There is no better synthesis of knowledge and understanding presently available to us and I know of no other person capable of making an evaluation at this level.” While this could be considered a reference material for experimental results, it differs from Dr. Storms’ previous books in that it introduces his theory of the mechanism behind the LENR effect, an oscillating linear cluster of two or more hydrogen or deuterium atoms called the Hydroton.

Front-cover-300ppi-200x298The first half of the book contains a wealth of knowledge regarding the experimental results obtained in the field. This includes the physics of the various experimental systems as well as an overview of instrumentation and general trends in the collective data. There are a large amount of pictures and graphs which really help to mentally process some of the complex relationships in the data. This section of the book is critical for anyone interested in LENR because it organizes and condenses the experimental procedures and results in a way which makes the huge amount of seemingly contradictory research much simpler to understand.

Dr. Storms takes a first-principles approach and imposes certain limits on the parameters of LENR theory based on what has been observed and basic chemical and physical principles. The experimental techniques used in the field are explained as well as the limitations and some reasons all of the facets of the LENR effect have eluded researchers. An overview of the physics of radiation from various nuclear reactions which may be present is very helpful in explaining the odd experimental results of the field. It is proposed that only a few types of radiation are produced directly from the LENR reaction but secondary radiation is produced from either the interaction of radiation with other matter in the system, traditional nuclear effects such as fractofusion (example: Ti-D experiments) or combination fusion-fission reactions (very unique part of the Hydroton theory). Dr. Storms goes into detail about how he believes various triggering methods initiate or improve the production of the LENR effect.

Hydroton-vertical-chain-137x800Dr. Storms’ theory revolves around a linear oscillating cluster of two or more hydrogen or deuterium atoms called a Hydroton. Under certain conditions this structure forms in the nano-cracks of metallic substrates. This differs significantly from the early theories of LENR in that it does not take place in the metallic lattice. Many theories are based on the fact that hydrogen or deuterium loaded into a metallic lattice inherently become pushed very close together, a shortcut towards fusion. These same theories require that the nuclear energy be communicated directly from the nucleus to the electrons (lattice) which is not unheard of but is not a traditional nuclear pathway and requires a complex explanation. Dr. Storms examines the lattice vs. nano-crack argument from a chemical, thermodynamic and transport standpoint, pulling from what we know of nuclear product production in LENR and the physics and chemistry of hydride/deuteride systems.

Dr. Storms insists that it is simply not possible to both produce fusion and dissipate the energy inside of a lattice. His model does not rely on energy dissipation via the lattice but through a steady release of bursts of low energy photons as the Hydroton oscillates and fusion occurs. Another significant difference compared to most theories is that it explains the different results obtained using deuterium vs. using hydrogen via two different mechanisms. This is important because many early theories only focused on deuterium fusion ignoring hydrogen all together, but modern experiments show that hydrogen does indeed participate in the LENR effect.

Lastly, Dr. Storms explains the various methods of producing transmutation products, either via a fusion-fission reaction of a hydrogen containing Hydroton or by the substrate atoms becoming part of the Hydroton in deuterium containing Hydrotons. The mechanism producing tritium and helium is explained in detail as well, but will not be explained here. Dr. Storms’ theory explains all known aspects of LENR in a very new way, not requiring the limitations of the mechanism taking place directly in the substrate lattice.

This theory is testable in various manners. Dr. Storms makes some suggestions in the book including the confirmation of predicted transmutation products as well as the detection of soft radiation such as low energy photons, betas, alphas and energetic ions. Dr. Storms points out that the reason radiation is not often detected is that the expected types and energies of radiation can simply not be detected outside of the experiment, requiring in-situ soft radiation detectors. So far it seems that experimental results line up with Dr. Storms’ theory but since his theory was built around this data it is important that future experiments be compared to what is expected using his model. Single or multiple deuterium addition to the substrate in deuterium containing Hydrotons, or fusion-fission products in hydrogen containing Hydrotons, would be expected and a good place to examine the theory experimentally.

Overall this is an excellent theory which can make some predictions; it will not allow us a complete mastery of LENR but is a large step in the right direction. Most of Dr. Storms’ theory is based on traditional physics and chemistry but there are certain aspects which are not fully understood, specifically how a Hydroton releases controlled bursts of photons at very low energies before the completion of the fusion process. This is the sticking point of LENR theory—it is not so hard to explain how two atoms fuse, but how they release their huge amount of energy without creating standard hot fusion products and detectable radiation as well as destroying the lattice local where the event took place.

By investigating experimental results and applying his physics and chemistry understanding, Dr. Storms is able to produce some basic equations which explain the power produced by LENR systems and show optimal operating conditions. Like everything else Dr. Storms produces, these equations are created using first principles and basic science; a Ph.D. is not required to wrap your head around this book as well as his theory in general.

Dr. Storms’ book contains a chapter of modern theories of LENR including limitations and possible shortcomings. This inventory of theories is great because it provides an excellent balanced overview of the field from a theoretical standpoint. This combined with the overview of the field from an experimental standpoint makes this the best reference book in the field of LENR. This book is highly recommended for anyone from the student interested in learning about LENR for the first time to highly trained scientists working in the field of LENR. There will be no disappointment in the level of detail and with over 900 references it provides an incredibly organized wealth of information regarding LENR experiments and theory.

The final chapter “Future of LENR” provides a road-map forward, listing the requirements for mastering the LENR effect as well as what needs to be done experimentally to get there. One thing the book does not mention is that Dr. Storms is ready and willing to put his LENR skill-set and understanding to the ultimate test—along with other researchers Dr. Storms has proposed an experimental research program to further the understanding of LENR. Dr. Storms is currently in the process of raising money for this research program and at millions of dollars per year, this could be the Manhattan project of LENR. The only thing standing between mankind and a guaranteed increased understanding of LENR is research funding and public awareness. I urge anyone interested in LENR to inform others about this book and the field in general and those which are financially independent to contact Dr. Storms about his research proposal. — Nikita Alexandrov, Permanetix Corporation

Read the original article published on Infinite Energy.

Related Links

The Explanation of LENR Homepage http://lenrexplained.com/

Nikita Alexandrov Advanced analytic and highly parallel Cold Fusion Experimentation [.pdf] presented at the 2014 CF/LANR Colloquium at MIT.

Joint Institute of Nuclear Research cold fusion seminar video

Dr. Edward Tsyganov of Cold Fusion Power presented a Cold Nuclear Fusion Seminar at N. N. Bogolyubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (BLTP) 2014 in Dubna, Russia.

Powerpoint files of the presentation can be found here.

A video news report on the event was posted by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research JINTV here and on Youtube here

A transcript of the video news report was provided by Scientific Information Department JINR 2014 and is reproduced below:

The seminar, which dealt with cold nuclear fusion, took place at the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. In his report, Professor Edward Tsyganov gave a possible explanation of the effects observed in numerous experiments. The scientist was asked many questions. Currently, physicists believe that there is no conclusive evidence for the existence of cold fusion. However, cold fusion studies continue to be carried out in various countries in order to discover and secure an inexhaustible supply of nuclear energy.

It all started with a report by chemists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons on electrochemically induced nuclear fusion—the conversion of deuterium to tritium or helium through electrolysis using a palladium electrode. This report, which appeared in March 1989, caused quite a stir. The scientists observed neutron emission and the recovery of large amounts of heat, which are signs of nuclear processes. However, the scientific community believes that their claims are incomplete and inaccurate. So-called cold fusion established itself as a pseudoscience; however, after a public demonstration of the experiment using electrochemical cells in 2008 by Yoshiaki Arata of Osaka University, discussions on cold fusion began to appear again.

Known nuclear fusion reactions—thermonuclear reactions—take place in plasma at temperatures of millions of degrees Kelvin. So-called cold nuclear fusion assumes the possibility of nuclear fusion reactions in chemical (atomic and molecular) systems without significantly heating the working substance. However, most chemists and physicists are trying to find an alternative (non-nuclear) explanation for the phenomenon.

Professor Edward Tsyganov remarked that, when saturating conductive crystals with deuterium atoms, the presence of free electrons in the crystal potential niches leads to a ban for the unexcited deuterium atoms to occupy these niches. At the same time, even the first excitation level of deuterium atom removes this ban. When all of the potential niches have already been filled by deuterium atoms at least once, further saturation of a crystal with deuterium atoms gives rise to twin clusters of atoms in one such niche.

In most of these clusters, deuterium nuclei are pulled together to distances of 1/10–1/20 of the nominal size of these atoms. The zero level of quantum mechanics vibrations in the adjacent deuterium nuclei quickly leads to the penetration of the two deuterium nuclei through the reduced Coulomb barrier. The spatial orientation of the excited deuterium atoms in the crystal lattice is strictly determined with respect to one of the crystal lattice’s spatial directions.

The report also discussed the further dissipation of energy during the transition from the excited state of 4He* to the ground state–formed nuclei of 4He (~24 MeV).

This was the second seminar on the topic of cold fusion at JINR. About a year and a half ago, Professor Edward Tsyganov gave a similar talk at JINR. Both then and now, his report “DD fusion in conducting crystals” has caused heated debate.

–Scientific Information Department JINR 2014

Editor: Inna Orlova
Video: Igor Belvedersky

Related links:

Cold Fusion Power Dubna conference files

Appeal to Putin on cold fusion countered with “nothing new”

Cold fusion: the “heirs” of Fleischmann candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize

The following is a slightly modified google-translate of the original article in Italian by Roberta De Carolis and published by http://www.nextme.it/.

Cold fusion generates heated debates and discussions, but the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project (MFMP) was officially nominated for the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2014. Rather, they were nominated for the working group which also includes the Italian Francesco Celani, for years engaged in the construction of a LENR device.

“I am pleased to inform you that next Saturday, June 28, 2014, starting at 09:00 am, will be held in Assisi, the City hall, a Scientific Meeting […]” – announced in an e-mail the researcher of – “in which there will also be information dissemination, by Prof. Francesco Bindella, a candidate for the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2014 for the group’s work and MFMP for the writer.”

The nomination for the prestigious award was sought and obtained by the method ‘Live Open Science‘, based on “open” and visible research. “Experiments in Europe and the U.S., are conducted under the watchful eye of several cameras and networked in real time,” explains Claudio Pace, who organized the event.

A topic such as cold fusion, on the other hand, for decades puzzling with the confidentiality in which the tests were carried out and the devices realized, first of all the E-Cat of Andrea Rossi, covered by secrecy almost always. But this was also the subject of direct accusations against the R5 device by the same CEO of Defkalion Europe Franco Cappiello.

Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project aims to counter this, attempting to create collaboration between the scientific community, as well as an engine for development of a new energy source with low environmental impact. The expectations of the working group methodology allow observers, even those tens of thousands of miles away, to assess the quality of the experiment, and especially, to provide any suggestions and/or criticisms in real time.

button-MFMP-200x200_3 According to the researchers, this has allowed the true progress in a field of research that generally inspires suspicion, and a first indication in this direction would be the number of website “hits qualified” (ie made ​​by experts in the field) now exceeds one million units.

Besides, even UNESCO has spoken officially about promoting Open Access, the online availability of scientific information to all, free of most copyright licenses and barriers, for the benefit of a global flow of knowledge, innovation and socio-economic development. Also, other areas appear to move in this direction.

Can we really say goodbye to patents and trade secrets, and therefore say the future is open source?

Roberta De Carolis

Here is a video in Italian showing the interview candidates for the Nobel Prize for Peace Professor Francesco Celani and Eng. Mathieu Valat and presented by Prof. Francesco Bindella.

Tsyganov presents at Dubna conference

A seminar “DD fusion in conducting crystals” by Edward Tsyganov will be held July 7 on 3:30 pm at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in the N. N. Bogolyubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics in Dubna, Russia near Moscow.

A brief background on cold fusion leading to a discussion on some aspects of atomic physics will be presented. Conduction electrons in metallic crystal are grouped in potential niches of the crystal lattice, resulting in a ban for s-states of hydrogen to occupy these same niches. At the same time, the filling of these niches with deuterium atoms is allowed for the excited atomic states of level 2p and above. We believe that this process of excitation of atomic states to the 2p level and above explains the first stage of the so-called cold fusion.

The first 18 slides and conclusion from the presentation file are posted below.
The full presentation .pdf can be found here.



















…. … ….Find the full presentation .pdf here.



Global Breakthrough Energy Movement Rising Up

Video: Global BEM ’13 Outdoor Impressions [Youtube]

Interest in the new generation of breakthrough energy technology is broadening with a surge of participation from young inventors and engineers, artists and writers, coalescing around a core network of promoters in Holland and led by partners Madeline Vilar and Jeroen van Straaten.

With the Global Breakthrough Energy Movement, the duo conjured-up a meeting in Boulder, Colorado with technologists, artists, musicians, philosophers, historians, archeologists, healers, financial advisers, inventors, and engineers from all over globe to talk about the new energy solutions on the horizon that offer a renaissance in human civilization.

The need for transformation, on every level of human existence, begins with energy, and the Global Breakthrough Energy Movement is bringing to light radical new energy generators based on post-modern physics of plasma, magnets, and zero point energy (ZPE).

Who ya gonna believe? Me, or your own eyes?
Chico Marx

Thursday night's panel of speakers from that day included Catherine Austin Fitts and Thomas Valone.
Thursday night’s panel of speakers from that day included Catherine Austin Fitts and Thomas Valone.
Talks by some of the leading breakthrough energy scientists spoke to crowds who filled the space to capacity. The momentum for change was powerful. A diverse group formed congruent brainwaves towards a new energy technology that will free humans from a centralized and controlled energy source.

“I think we had about 450 people attending,” said Jeroen. “The response to the conference was overwhelming positive, I know we are on the right way in our vision and it will be bigger and bigger, playing a huge role in waking up people about these technologies.”

Originally to be held at the University of Colorado Boulder, last minute demands from the university for money and attendance guarantees forced the event off-campus to a local hotel. Tents took over the parking lot of the Days Inn operated by owner Darek Zurek, who is sympathetic to the cause.

Co-hosted by Conscious Media Network and Gaiam TV‘s Regina Meredith and Searle Magnetiscs Jason Verbelli, the event was livestreamed at http://new.livestream.com/accounts/5708490. Evening panels were moderated by Mitchell Rabin and Sacha Stone. Both tents held lectures all day, and both programs were videotaped.

Most video from Tent 1 is available and includes lectures by Ruby Carat, David Niebauer, Moray B. King, Dan Winter, Jason Matozzo, Tom Valone, Catherine Austin Fitts, David Martin, Fernando Vossa, Michael Riversong, Steven Ross, James Martinez, Michael Tellinger, Garret Moddel, Mitchell Rabin, and Foster Gamble.

Tent 2 had lectures by Ulf Dahlstrom, New Energy Movement co-founder Joel Garbon, Pure Energy Systems Network Sterling Allan, Mike Upstone, NanoSpire’s Mark LeClair joining Moray B. King, Mark Dansie, Daniel and Erica Nunez, Randy Powell, Mark Brasche, Russ Gries, Richard Dolan, Jamie Janover, Goa Lobaugh, Josh Toms, James Schmidt, and Sam Mason. See Full Program for more.

The Art Tent hosted a collection of paintings, sculpture, prints, and fabrics, steeped in sacred geometry, and future vision. With ancient technology as a ground and breakthrough generators as the figure, musician-writer-archeologist Michael Tellinger put forth a powerful thesis for a lost technology of energy generated from sound, linking ancient South African stone ruins with early Babylonian myth.

Read a complete report on this event from Ruby Carat in Infinite Energy Magazine #112 November/December 2013. Find summaries of talks, reviews, and more, from the voice of GlobalBEM PULSE magazine.

GlobalBEM videos available now from the 2nd Global Breakthrough Energy Conference 2013 in Boulder, Colorado are gathered here:

October 10, 2013 Thursday Tent 1

Alaya, Ruby Carat with special guest Bob Greenyer of Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project, and David Niebaurer

October 10, 2013 Thursday Tent 2

October 11, 2013 Friday Tent 1

Friday Morning Talks Tent 1

Thomas Valone

October 12, 2013 Saturday

Saturday Morning Talks Tent 1

James Martinez with special guest David Icke

Michael Tellinger

Saturday Afternoon Talks Tent 1

Garret Moddel, Mitchell Rabin, and Foster Gamble.

Saturday Evening panel

GlobalBEM Conference Playlist (Entire)

A complete list of speakers:


Conference Host
Interviewer/show host GaiamTV, Co-founder Conscious Media Network


Conference Host
Independent researcher and speaker, works at Searl Magnetics


Professor, University of Colorado at Boulder, Dept. of Electrical, Computer, & Energy Engineering. Research quantum engineering device technology


Publisher of The Solari Report and managing member, Solari Investment Advisory Services, LLC. Former US Assistant Secretary of Housing in the first Bush Administration.


Engineer, physicist and author


President & Co-Founder of Clear Compass Media
Creator, Host, Co-Writer, and Director of Visual Design for THRIVE


Founder and CEO of the PES Network, Inc. and the New Energy Congress


President of the New Energy Movement, Founding Member of the New Energy Congress and Co-Author of “Breakthrough Power”


CEO, Searl Aerospace Corporation


President of Integrity Research Institute and Editor of Future Energy newsletter and Enews


Clean Energy Business Advisor


Author, Filmmaker, Founder of Cold Fusion Now


Director of Media Operations
ColdFusionNow.org & Executive Producer of Cold Fusion Radio


Consultant, Coach, Therapist
President & Founder of A Better World
Panel Moderator


Specialist in Energy Research, Healing Technology and Cosmic Awareness


Independent researcher


Independent Biotechnology Professional


IT Professional
Student of Geometry and Physics, Sacred Science and Ancient Megalithic Construction


Founder of the World Research Foundation


Founder and CEO of Humanitad and Exemplar Zero, Panel moderator


Author, scientist and explorer


Executive Chairman of M-CAM, Inc. and Finance Principle of Exemplar Zero


Researcher and inventor


Founder of Sonic Bloom
Musician, Resonance Project Emissary


Researchers and Inventors


Independent Researcher, Freedom Activist


Teacher, Performer


Chairman Human Trust, Photographer



MARK BRASCHE aka ZeroFossilFuel

Electronics Engineer, Author, Speaker, Alternative energy experimenter, replicator and reporter.


Vortex Based Mathematician


CEO & Founder, NanoSpire, Inc., Co-Founder, Advanced Cavitation Institute for Alternative Energy & Nanotechnology


Open Source Researcher, reporter


Vice president of New Energy Systems Trust (www.energyNEST.org) Free Energy Entrepreneur


Advanced Technology Consultant, Researcher, Inventor and Sustainable Recovery Strategist


Researcher, historian, author


Researcher, visual artist


Researcher, speaker, Chairman of the Vital4Life Foundation

A documentary film Take Back Your Power about the so-called “smart meters” that today’s power companies are using to solidify control of your energy usages, showed Friday night. Here are some outtakes of the must-see film:


Global Breakthrough Energy Conference is On in Boulder!